CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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4 Cornmarket


4 Cornmarket

There was an early inn on the site of 3 and 4 Cornmarket, known first as Pate’s Inn and then Somenour’s Inn, which was owned in the fourteenth century by John de Stodley followed by Sir Robert Treslian. The property then passed to New College, who owned the building until 1921. It was rebuilt in about 1500 as the Bull Inn. At some point before 1555 it was divided into two separate houses (situated at what are now 3 and 4 Cornmarket Street).

In the censuses

1841

Joseph Hemmings (40), a cook is living over the shop with Martha (40), plus Martha (15), Joseph (14), John (12), Hannah (10), William (8), and Esther (3), and four servants (one male and three female). This is the eponymous J. J. Hemmings who had had dining rooms on this site since at least 1839

1851

A different Joseph Hemmings (24), almost certainly the eldest son in the 1841 census and described as a cook and sausage maker, is living over the shop with his wife Rebecca (26) and his sister-in-law Mrs Ann Trafford (28). Also living with them are six servants (a cook, two cook’s porters, two housemaids, and a kitchenmaid.

1861

Joseph Hemmings junior (34), is still living on the premises, described as a “Sausage maker”. He and his wife Rebecca (36) have three children at home: William (9), Edwin (4), and Agnes (1). The family has two male and two female house servants.

1881

Joseph Hemmings (now 54 and described as a Cook and sausage maker) is still living here with his wife Rebecca (56) and two of his children: Henry (25), who is described as an ironmonger, and Agnes (2). They now only have two female servants.

Occupants of 4 Cornmarket listed in directories etc.

Original shop here rebuilt in twentieth century

1839–1880

Joseph J. Hemmings, Eating House (later Dining Rooms)

1890–1902

John Pill, Dining Rooms (Mrs Mary Pill 1899–1901)
No listing in 1902

1911–1956

George E. Weeks & Co
Restaurant (later named as City Restaurant)
Bakers 1954–1956

1958–1976

Freeman, Hardy & Willis, Boot Manufacturers

1984

Orient Jewel Co Ltd

1992–1999

Foto Processing

2005–c.2015

Daniel Clulow, Opticians

2015–2017

Sunglass Hut

2017

Vacant

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