CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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39–42 Cornmarket


39-42 Cornmarket

All four shops in this block are Grade II listed. No. 39 on the right probably has an ancient core with a nineteenth-century front; No. 40 is a seventeenth-century structure refronted in the eighteenth-century; and Nos. 41 and 42 are a pair of seventeenth-century houses that were probably refronted in the eighteenth century and which now have a modern restored front.

The shops were occupied as follows in 1772, when a survey of every house in the city was taken in consequence of the Mileways Act of 1771:

  • 39: Mr Roberts (frontage 3 yards, 0 ft. and 4 in.)
  • 40: Mr Becket (frontage 3 yards, 1 ft. and 9 in.
  • 41: Mr Bartlet (frontage 4 yards, 1 ft. and 4 in.)
  • 42: Mrs Cole (frontage 3 yards, 2 ft. and 5 in.)

The Blue Lion pub was at No. 41 in the first half of the nineteenth century, until 1845. The last landlord was George Garlick, the baker from next door, and the two shops then combined to form a wine & spirit merchant’s.

In 1961 No.s 41 and 42 were converted into one shop by Salisbury’s handbags.

In the Censuses

1841

No. 39: The bookbinder John Graham (25) is living here with Anne (26) and Anne (2) and William (3 months). They have a female servant aged 14.

No. 40: The cordwainer William Lillingston (35) is living here with his second wife Catherine (25) and his son by his first marriage, William (6). They have one female servant.

No. 41: The victualler of the Blue Lion, James Prior (40), is living here with Eliza (40) and Emma (9) and Harriet (6). Living with the family is one female servant, and an independent lady aged 50.

No. 42: The grocer George Garlick (30) is living here with Anne (30) and Lucy (40, plus and apprentice shopman and one male and one female servant.

1851

No. 39: Silas Butler (31), a baker & pastry cook, is living over this shop with his wife Eliza (28) and son John Wesley Butler (5). His 16-year-old apprentice, Thomas Gomm, lives with the family, and they have a lodger: Louisa Giles (24), described as the wife of a college servant, and her daughter Julia (10 months).

No. 40: Kate Lillingston (35), now a widow, described as a cordwainer employing 18 men and 12 boys, is living here with her stepson William (15), who is “working in the business”, a shopwoman aged 27, and a housemaid.

No. 41: Not listed: presumably part of the Shillingford & Phillips business premises to the south, with the staff living over the adjoining shop at No. 42

No. 42: John C. Blake (30), described as a wine merchant, is living over this side of the shop with his wife Louisa (30) and two wine merchant’s clerks. They have one servant.

1861

No. 39: William Randall Mattherson (28), a robe maker, is living here with his wife Elizabeth (32) and his daughter Elizabeth, and his step-children Fanny and William Gardiner (12 and 6). The family has a 14-year-old female house servant.

No. 40: Described as uninhabited.

No. 41: Described as uninhabited again.

No. 42: Jane Steane (64), described as the widow of a wine merchant, is living here with her bachelor son James Slatter Steane (32), a wine merchant. They have one female servant.

1881

No. 39: The building is described as “uninhabited”, implying that the upstairs was part of the tailor’s shop

No. 40: No. 40 is jointly occupied with No. 41 to the south by Frederick Blagrove (40), described as a watch-maker & jeweller, and his wife Ellen (32) and daughters Alice (14), Beatrice (7), and Ella (4).

No. 41: Described as uninhabited again.

No. 42: Jane Steane (64), described as the widow of a wine merchant, is living here with her bachelor son James Slatter Steane (32), a wine merchant. They have one female servant.

Occupants of 39–42 Cornmarket listed in directories etc.

Date

No. 42

No. 41

No. 40

No. 39

1839

William Roberts
Corn & Flour dealer

BLUE LION

Landlords
(subject to 19C
wine licences)

Thomas Bartlett (1794)
James or Jason Prior (1830–1842)
George Garlick (1845)

William Lillingston
Boot & shoemaker

William Wise
Boot and shoe maker

1841

George Garlick
Grocer

John Graham
Bookbinder

1846

Shillingford & Phillips
Wine & spirit merchants

Thomas Lord
Straw hat maker

1851–1852

Silas Butler
Baker & Pastry cook

1861

James Slatter
Steane & Co
.
Wine and spirit merchants

Part of either
Slatter or Lillingston
premises

William Randall
Mattherson

Robe maker

1867


William Lillingston,
Ladies’ boot-maker

 

E. Brailsford
Confectioner

1872

L. Solomon
City & county toy
& fancy bazaar

1880

F. Blagrove
Watchmaker, jeweller,& electric gilder

R. T. Hobbs
Tailor, robe &
breeches maker

1890

Walter Tompson
Fancy draper

F. Blagrove
Optician

 

E. Issott & Sons
Opticians in 1921

 

F. Blagrove & Co
Opticians from 1932

George Bland
Umbrella manufacturer

George E. Bland from 1911

1896–1902

William Mayo
Wine & spirit merchants

1911

William Mayo, Wine & spirit merchants

1914

Millin & Co Ltd, Tailors

S. Tetley
& Sons Ltd

Tobacconist

1921

Frank S. Smith
Confectioner

1928–1932

J. Molloy
Gown specialist,
costumier & milliner

1935

E. Gordon Hudson
Estate agent

Also running Hastings
(later Hastings & Thanet)
Permanent Building Society
1935–1956)

1945–1952

S. H. Barnett Ltd
Costumiers (1947)

Barnett-Hutton
Costumiers
(1953)

1954–1956

Salisbury’s
Leather goods

1958–1962

Bewlay
Tobacconists Ltd

1964–1966

No listing

1968–1976

Finlays Ltd
Tobacconists

1961–1976

Salisbury’s Leather Goods

By 2007–
present

Orange Mobile Phones (EE)

Snappy Snaps (from 2000)

Timpson
Shoe Repairs
(from 1996)

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