CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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47–51 Cornmarket


47-51 Cornmarket.

47-51 Cornmarket c.1900

 

 

Left: The present
Nos. 47–51, which were rebuilt in 1871,
in c.1900

 

The name WOODWARD and the number 51 can be seen above the door on the left

 

Three doors to the right LONG’S REGISTRY shows up clearly on the upstairs window of No. 48

The original shops were occupied as follows in 1772, when a survey of every house in the city was taken in consequence of the Mileways Act of 1771:

  • 48: Mr Speakman (frontage 3 yards, 0 ft. and 10 in.)
  • 49: Mr Rought (frontage 4 yards, 2 ft. and 0 in.
  • 50: Mr Boswell (frontage 5 yards, 2 ft. and 6 in.)
  • 51: Mr Lawrance (frontage 5 yards, 2 ft. and 2 in.)

The four shops at Nos. 47–51 Cornmarket were rebuilt in 1871.

Henry Boswell had opened his first trunk & portmanteau shop in the earlier shop at 50 Cornmarket. In about 1870 he also took over No. 49 next door, and soon afterwards had the group of shops rebuilt, taking over 49 and 50 for himself. The firm remained here until 1929, when it moved to his current purpose-built premises on the corner of Broad Street.

The tailor Henry William Wilton Woodward moved into No. 51 as soon as it was rebuilt. In the early 1920s he moved to 110 High Street, prior to amalgamating with Arthur Shepherd in 1927.

In the Censuses

1841

No. 47: The druggist William Sutton (30) is living over his shop with one apprentice and one female servant.

No. 48: The bell-hanger Francis Boswell (80) is living over his shop with Susanna (66), Hannah (35), who is described as a dressmaker, and Henry (23), described as a cabinet-maker.

No. 49: The stationer Mary Ann Fry is living over her shop with two female servants.

No. 50: The trunk-maker Jane Boswell (35) is living over her shop with Henry (6), Edward (3), and Jane (4 months). They have one female servant.

No. 51: The stationer Charles Richards (35) is living over his shop with Ann (40), George (12), Charles (6), John (4), and one female servant.

1851

No, 47: The druggist Charles Coward (28) is living over his shop with his wife Harriet (26) and sons Charles (1) and William (one month). An apprentice and one general servant and a nursemaid live with them.

No. 48: Miss Charlotte Boswell (51), described as a tradesman’s daughter, lives over the shop with three lodgers (two male and one female).

No. 49: John Joseph Kitts (26), a draper’s clerk, lives over the shop of his wife Elizabeth (29), who is described as a dealer in baby linen etc. Two shop assistants live with them (one of whom is Elizabeth’s 20-year-old sister Lydia Payne), and they have one female servant.

No. 50: The portmanteau-maker Francis Boswell (48), described as the employer of five men, is living over his shop with his wife Jane Duncan Boswell (45) and their children Henry (16), who is described as an assistant; Edward (13); Jane (10); Eliza (8), Frank (6); and Mary Anne (4).

No. 51: The glass & china dealer Joseph Hopkins (45) is living over his shop with his wife Catherine (48), his unmarried brother (43), who is his shop assistant, and his two nieces Emma Hopkins (19), described as a general servant, and Mary Hopkins (7).

1861

No, 47: The draper Walter Cooper (28) is living over his shop with three female draper’s assistants and a female servant.

No. 48: The widowed music-seller Marianne Barrett (72) is living over her shop with her grandson William Studer Barrett (15), who is described as an Assistant, and a female house servant.

No. 49: The hairdresser Henry Saunders (24) is living over his shop with his wife Catherine and children Mary (4), Frederick (3), and Eleanor (1). The family has two house servants.

No. 50: The portmanteau maker Francis Boswell (54) is living over his shop. He is described as the employer of four men and five boys, and with him are his wife Jane (54) and his six unmarried children Henry (26), who is described as a trunk maker; Edward (23), who is described as a cabinet maker; Jane (20) and Eliza (18), who are described as shop women; Frank (16), who is described as a portmanteau maker’s assistant; and Mary Ann (13), who is still at school.

No. 51: The china & glass dealer Joseph Hopkins (56) is living over his shop with his wife Catherine (58), his brother Thomas (54) who serves in the shop, and his niece Mary (18), an assistant in the shop. The family has one female servant.

1881

No, 47: Described as “uninhabited”, which implies that the whole building was used as a draper’s shop.

No. 48: This was a lodging house, occupied by Miss Laura Collier (42), who was the lodging house keeper and her mother Elizabeth (72). They have two general servants.

No. 49: Described as “uninhabited”, which is not surprising given the number of offices upstairs.

No. 50: This was occupied by a college bed maker, William Hemmings (29) and his wife Martha (21) and their 6-month-old daughter, and his cousin Ernest Hinton (16).

No. 51: This was a lodging house, occupied by Mrs E. Thatcher (49) and her niece Ada Irving (23). There are two domestic servants and two lodgers: a single woman of 31 and a male student of 23.

Occupants of 47–51 Cornmarket listed in directories etc.

Date

No. 51 (left) No. 50 No. 49 No. 48 No. 47 (right)

1839

Robert Braine
Saddler & Harness Maker

H. Boswell
Trunk & Packing Case Maker (1839)

Francis Boswell
Trunk maker (1846, 1851)

H. Boswell
Trunk & portmanteau maker &c (1867)

Mary Ann Fry
Stationer
or
Toy dealer

F. Boswell senior
Turner

 

William Sutton
Chemist & Druggist

Sarah Robinson
Cutler

1846

Charles Richards
Bookseller & stationer in 1841/2. Unclear in 1846

Charlotte (or “Carol.”) Boswell
Turner & cooper

Edward Kent
Chemist

1851

Joseph Hopkins
Glass & china warehouse

Mrs E. Kitts
Berlin & fancy wool warehouse, staymaker, & baby linen

Charles Coward
Druggist

1861

Henry Saunders
Hairdresser

Mrs Marianne Barrett, Music seller, in 1861

F. R. Barrett
Music seller
&
W. S. Barratt
Teacher of piano & voilia (1867)

Walter Cooper
General draper

1867

W. Hammond
Tobacconist

1872

Mrs Hopkins
Glass & china warehouse

Henry Boswell
Trunk maker & hosier

G. J. Neill
Cutler

W. Cooper
Draper

1874

Shops rebuilt by Henry Boswell

1880

Woodward & Richmond
Woollen & Manchester warehousemen
(1880, 1890)

Henry W. Wilton Woodward
Outfitter
1901–1914

with
Frewen Club upstairs in 1901

Woodward Wilton & Co. Ltd
Tailors in 1921

Henry Boswell
Trunk maker & hosier

Upstairs:

G. D. D. Dudley, Solicitor
and F. Codd, Architect
in 1880

H. Sandford-Burton, Dentist
in 1880 and 1890

University Type Writing & General Copying Office
and
Church of England
Young Men’s Society
in 1890

Plymouth Brethren Meeting Room
and
Arthur Welch, Solicitor and
Challenor & Sons, Solicitors
in 1901–1902
etc

The Good Luck Tea Rooms (1921)

J. R. Chaundy
Typewriter dealer (1928)

C. Lillingston
Boot & shoe manufacturer

 

 

and William Joseph Hacking, lodging house in 1890

 

 

and
Long’s Registry Office
1901–1932

C. Cracknell
General draper, mantles, millinery, & dressmaking

1890

Henry Robert Harris
Draper

1899–
1902

Brown & Garlick
Ironmongers

1911

Foort & Son
Ironmongers

1914

Barlow & Allen Ltd, Ironmongers

1921

The Oxford Optical Co., Opticians

1928

Colin Lunn
Cigar merchant

No listing

1932

Boynton Gowns
+
Ladies’ hairdressers

 

1935

Fleming, Reid & Co
Scotch Wool

Scotch Wool & Hosiery Stores from 1952

Sands
Milliners

+ Long’s Registry to 1947

+ La Roma snack bar from 1952

Part of
Cadena Café
next door

1952–
1954

1958–
1966

Weston’s Gowns

1967

Weston’s Gowns

Etam’s Ltd

1970

Etam’s Ltd

1973–
1976

Ratner’s Jewellers

Van Allen gowns

Harry Fenton
Menswear

Etam’s Ltd

2008–
2013

Lush Cosmetics

Clark’s Shoes

Thornton’s chocolates

Carphone Warehouse to 2007

3 Store

2013–
2016

L'Occitane en Provence

2016–
present

Oxford Gift Shop

Old pictures on other websites and in books

Design of Nos. 47–51 by the architect (F. Codd), made in 1870 and photographed by Henry Taunt in 1879

Nos. 48–51 in 1910 by Henry Taunt

Nos. 49–51 in 1910 by Henry Taunt

Nos.  50–51 in 1911 by Henry Taunt

A photograph of the former shops at Nos. 49, 50, and 51 in about 1870 can be seen in Julie Kennedy, The Changing Faces of Oxford City Centre, Book 1, p. 45

See Michael L. Turner and David Vaisey, Oxford Shops and Shopping, p. 44, illustration 59 for a photograph of Woodward’s shop at No. 51 in c.1900

Ibid., p. 52, illustration 117 for Boswell’s earlier shop at 49 & 50 Cornmarket

Ibid., p. 53, illustration 118 for Boswell’s new shop at Nos. 49–50

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