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Some Oxford physicians before 1850


Oxford physicians at this period had Oxford medical degrees, and so are listed in Alumni Oxonienses as full members of the University of Oxford. Physicians, unlike surgeons, used the title of “Dr”.

Physicians marked * have a full entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB).

  • William Austin (1754–1793)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1783–1786
  • Ralph Bathurst, M.D. (1619/20–1704)*
  • Charles Bishop (1794–1838)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1830–1839
  • Robert Bourne, M.D. (1761–1829)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1787–1829
  • Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, M.D. (1795–1867)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1826–1830
  • John Foulkes, M.D. (born c.1719)
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1770, but resigned the day it opened
    Son of Peter Foulkes of Exeter, Devon. Christ Church (matric. 16 March 1735/6, aged 16; BA 1729, MA 1742, B.Med. 1745, D. Med. 1754, Will 1787
  • William Alexander Greenhill (1814–1894)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1839–1851
  • Richard Griffith, M.A. (1635?–1691)*
  • John Jackeman, M.A.
    Will of Jackeman, Physician and sometime Fellow of Oriel College, proved in Chancellor’s Court on 9 May 1600
  • Robert Jackson
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1842–1857
  • Samuel Jackson, M.D. (1618–1674/5)
  • John Kidd, M.D. (1775–1851)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1808–1826
    Biography of his wife and daughters on the Friends of St Sepulchre's Cemetery website
  • John Latham (1761–1743)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1787–1789
  • Richard Lower, M.D. (1631–1691)*
  • Sir Thomas Millington, M.D. (1628–1704)*
  • James Adey Ogle, F.R.S., M.D. (1792–1857)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1824–1857
    Biography on the Friends of St Sepulchre's website
  • John Parsons, M.D. (1742–1785)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1727–1785
  • James Claudius Paxton, M.D. (1786–1860)*
  • Sir Christopher Pegge, M.D. (1764/5–1822)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1790–1808
  • John Sibthorp (1758–1796)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1787–1796
  • John Smith, M.D. (1720/1–1796)*
    (Also listed as an Oxford surgeon in Universal Business Directory of 1794/5)
  • William Thomson (c.1760–1806)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1786–1790
  • Martin Wall, M.D. (bap. 1747, d. 1824)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1757–1824
  • Seth B. Watson (1801–1885)
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1838–1842
  • Thomas West, M.D. (c.1667–1738)
  • George Williams, M.D. (bap. 1762, d. 1834)*
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1789–1834
  • John Wootten, M.D. (1799–1847)
    Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1787–1829

See also the physicians listed under Regius Professors of Medicine


Wall, Pegge, and Bourne were the three most important doctors in Oxford in the early nineteenth century. G.V. Cox (Recollections, p.133) quotes the following rhyme about them, entitled “The Oxford medical trio”:

I would not call in any one of them all,
For only “the weakest will go to the Wall”;
The second, like Death, that scythe-armed mower,
Will speedily make you a peg or two lower;
While the third, with the fees he so silently earns,
Is “the bourn whence no traveller ever returns”.

Another rhyme, about Sir Christopher Pegge, went:

Like Circe Sir C. can prescribe a mixt cup,
But mixtures Circeian beware to drink up.

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