OXFORD MEDICAL MEN

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Some Oxford surgeons before 1850


Most of these surgeons fall into the “matriculated tradesmen” category. They had no medical degree, and hence they used the title of “Mr” rather than “Dr”.

The only one with an Oxford degree was Charles Lewes Parker, but some, such as Symonds and Trapham, did take degrees later.

Dr Hitchings was a Freeman of the City of Oxford, and so did not need to be matriculated.

Some privileged apothecaries also did the work of a surgeon; and some of the surgeons listed below were also apothecaries (pharmacopolae).

  • Charles Atkins or Adkyns
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 20 August 1683, aged 23. Admitted to practise in surgery on 21 November 1683. Son of Charles Atkins of Oxford
  • Thomas Allen
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus et Pharmacopola” on 14 February 1831
  • Edward Bettris
    Grant of probate to Ann Bettris, widow of Edward Bettris, surgeon, in Chancellor’s Court, 12 October 1694
  • Richard Bettris
    Will of Richard Bettris, surgeon, in Chancellor’s Court, 14 August 1682
  • Edward Browne
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus et Pharmacopola” on 7 July 1832, aged 23
  • John Bulley
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 23 September 1760. Son of Thomas Bulley of Chadlington.
  • Richard Burford (1754–1801)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 13 October 1780
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1780–1801
  • John Cantwell
    Surgeon of St Aldate’s Parish: Inventory and grant of probate, 16 March 1633
  • William Cleoburey (1793–1853)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 16 June 1814.
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1815–1853
  • Richard Croft
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 20 June 1788
  • Joseph Curtis
    Matriculated as Surgeon on 30 October 1710
  • William Daye
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” (subscribed “Licentiate in chirurgery”) on 4 December 1635, aged 38.
  • William Dobson
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 19 October 1813
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1813–1815
  • Thomas Richard Fisher (1811–1846)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1846
  • John James Simms Freeborn (1794–1873)
    Matriculated as “Medicus” on 15 September 1834. Practised from 38/39 Broad Street
  • Richard Fernandez Freeborn (1823–1883)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 15 October 1847. Practised from 38/39 Broad Street
  • Roger Fry
    Surgeon, Will proved in Chancellor;s Court 1 September 1672
  • Thomas Godfrey
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 5 December 1842, aged 25
  • John Grosvenor (1742–1823)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1770–1817
  • John Hacker
    Elected Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1770, but “unable to give attendance”
  • John Hawkins Surgeon
    Matriculated as “Chyrurgius” on 3 February 1713/14
  • James Torry Hester (1800–1874)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1849–1865
  • George Hitchings (1791–1851)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1811–1851
  • Charles Agar Hunt
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 12 November 1799
  • John James Ireland
    Matriculated as “Chirurg.” on 15 May 1827, aged 23. Son of George Sherwood Ireland of Portsea and grandson of James Ireland. Chorister at Christ Church 1815–19
  • Robert Rainbow Kening or KENNING (1728–1797)
    Matriculated as a Surgeon on 18 April 1755
  • John Langford (1750–1804)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 28 July 1775
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1775–1804
  • William Lukyn
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 4 December 1832 (actually a dentist)
  • William Lydall
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 27 September 1706
  • John Martin
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus et Pharmacopola” on 15 July 1830
  • Michael Moore (1674–1735)
    See memorial below
  • Edward Nourse (d. 1738)
  • Sir Charles Nourse (1715–1789)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 4 May 1739
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1770–1780
  • William Piers Ormerod, FRS (1818–1860) (see ODNB)
    Matriculated as privileged person 19 October 1846.
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1846—1850
  • Augustin Spinney
    of St Mary’s parish, surgeon. Will proved in Chancellor’s Court 7 January 1581
  • James Van Otten
    A Belgian “Chyrurgus”, admitted to practise surgery on 23 May 1620 and matriculated as privileged person on 6 April 1621, aged 53. Will proved in Chancellor’s Court, 5 July 1622
  • Charles Lewes Parker (1810–1848)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1836–1848
  • George Paynton
    Matriculated as a Surgeon on 13 October 1726
  • William Philipson
    Matriculated as a Surgeon on 11 November 1687. Admitted to practise in surgery on 17 December 1687
  • Richard Pleydell or Playdell (c.1623–1690)
    Matriculated as a Surgeon on 9 October 1666, aged 42. Licensed to practise in surgery on 11 Oct 1666. Monument in St Mary the Virgin Church
  • Theophilus Poynter (1636–1709)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 29 September 1666
  • John Reeve
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 14 December 1829
  • Wriglesworth Sanderson
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 7 October 1723
  • Simon Stanton
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 25 January 1694
  • William Stephens (1768–1824)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 11 July 1789
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1802–1813
  • John Swift Surgeon (1782–1806)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 4 February 1805
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1805–1806
  • Frederick Symonds (1813–1881)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 22 March 1843, aged 30. FRCS. Created MA from Magdalen College 16 June 1870. Coroner of the University
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1853–1878
    Biography on the Friends of St Sepulchre's Cemetery website
  • Henry Towsey (1742–1826)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 21 April 1767
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1770–1811
  • Thomas Trapham (d. 1863)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 25 October 1633, age 25. Licensed to practise surgery on 3 Mar 1633/4. B.Med.19 May 1649. Embalmed the body of King Charles. Surgeon-in-chief to Oliver Cromwell. Practised at Abingdon, Berks.
  • William Tuckwell (1785–1845)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 10 November 1808
  • Thomas Fletcher Tyerman
    Matriculated as Surgeon on 27 January 1847. St Michael’s parish.
  • Arthur Villett
    Matriculated as Surgeon on 25 June 1694.
  • Charles Ward
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus” on 8 October 1761
  • Edward Metcalfe Wardle (1781–1808)
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1805–1808
  • Charles Wingfield (1787–1846)
    Matriculated as Surgeon on 24 May 1816
    Surgeon to the Radcliffe Infirmary 1817–1846
  • Frederick Thomas Wintle (1803–1853)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus et Pharmacopola” on 31 March 1831
  • John Freeman Wood
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus et Pharmacopola” on 13 June 1828
  • Alexander Woodd (b.1662)
    Matriculated as “Chyr.” on 17 December 1695.Third son of Basil Woodd of Brize Norton, Oxon, DCL.
  • Basil Woodd (b. c.1650)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 6 July 1681, aged 31. Admitted to practise surgery on 6 Jul 1681. Eldest son of Basil Woodd of Brize Norton, Oxon, DCL
  • Hugh Keate Woodd (1659–1682)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgeon” on 21 July 1681, aged 21. Second son of Basil Woodd of Brize Norton, Oxon, DCL.
  • Barnard Wright (d. 1626)
    Matriculated as “Chirurgus per domum Congregationis” on 3 July 1618, aged 29. Admitted to practise surgery on 30 June 1618

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