Oxford History: The High

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10–12: L. K. Bennett & Pizza Hut


110-112 High Street

Nos. 10 and 11 comprise the pink building on the left of the above picture. At ground-floor level, No. 10 has been sacrificed to afford an entrance to the newer (1838) section of the market. The pair of shops are Grade II listed under the address 10 High Street (List Entry No. 1047312).

No. 12 (the building on the right) at ground-floor level today is simply the entrance to Pizza Hut, which spreads across the basement of all three shops. It is Grade II listed under the address 11 High Street (List Entry No. 1116316)

Thus the only retail shop remaining here at ground-floor level is No. 11 in the middle, and this spreads across all three shops on the first floor.

Nos. 10 and 11 have an eighteenth-century façade on a fifteenth-century building, while No. 12 on the right was extensively altered in the years 1700 to 1704.

In 1770 Nos. 10 and 11 High Street were sold for £375 to William Jackson, the proprietor of Jackson’s Oxford Journal, by James Darker of London. No. 12 was then the King’s Head Tavern, which had been the headquarters of the Constitutional Club, whose members were responsible for the riots of 1715 when the Quaker Meeting House and Baptist Chapel were destroyed. In 1771 Jackson bought No. 12 from James Adams for £650, and used it as his printing house.

On William Jackson’s death in 1794, his sister inherited Nos. 10–12 and immediately conveyed them to Mary Jones, an employee of her brother who had inherited over 200 acres of land in Headington, including Headington House. On her death in 1815 she in turn left them to her niece and her husband, Elizabeth and Edward Latimer.

No. 10

The 1851 census shows Henry Ladd, the stationer at No. 10, as a single man of 26 living over the shop with a general servant; he was still there in 1861, but it was unoccupied in 1871.

No. 11

Edward Latimer ran his wine merchant’s business from No. 11 in the early nineteenth century, and “Latimer’s immortal tun” is praised in the poem Brasenose Ale. In 1835 an Act for enlarging the covered market on its west side was passed, so that the market now extends across the rear of these premises. A hole was punched through the western side of No. 10 to create a new entrance to the market (Market Avenue No. 1). The wine business at No. 11 was taken over by Edward Latimer’s son Frederic in the mid-1840s: he lived in Headington, and the 1851 census shows Robert Braine, a wine merchant who must have managed the business for him, living over the premises with his family. By 1861 the upstairs premises were occupied by Henry de Bariau, a teacher of languages, and his wife and son. The surgeon Thomas Tyerman lived upstairs in 1871.

No. 11 High Street is Grade II listed (List Entry No. 1116316)

No. 12

Samuel Evans, the draper at No. 12, lived over the shop at the time of the 1851 census with his wife and two young children. Also living upstairs were eight draper’s assistants, plus two servants. He was still here in 1861 with eight assistants. In 1871 his widow Jane Lavington Evans who was now running the business, was here with her daughter, three servants, and eight assistants.

Nos. 12 High Street is jointly Grade II listed with Nos. 13–15 (List Entry No. 1369376).

Webber's

In 1884 Edward Beaumont junior moved from No. 9 and opened the City Drapery Stores at Nos. 10–12. In 1905 Charles Webber bought them from Beaumont. He soon acquired adjoining shops on both sides, so that in its heyday Webber’s had thirteen bays facing the High Street and included Market Avenues 1, 2, and 3. The firm was bought by Hide & Co. in 1952, and closed in October 1971.

 

Occupiers of 10–12 High Street

Date

10 High Street

11 High Street

12 High Street

1846–1876

Frederick Trash (1846)
Stationer

Henry Ladd (1852–1861)
Bookseller & stationer

B. R. Baker (1866–67)
Bookseller & stationer

W. N. Webster (1869)
Bookseller, stationer & printer

Henry Harris (1871–1876)
Fancy warehouse

 

Frederic Latimer & Co.
Wine merchants

Morley & Co.

later Morley & Evans

later Evans & Co.

Drapers & mercers

1880–1882

Vacant 1880
Part of E. Beaumont's linen draper's shop at No. 9 in 1882

Mrs Latimer
Wine & spirit merchant in 1880
Market Wine & Spirit Vaults (J. Long) in 1882

The City Drapery Stores
Carpet & linoleum warehouse

1884–1905 

City Drapery Stores

 

1905–1971 

Webbers (Oxford) Ltd.
Drapers, milliners, furriers, costumiers, outfitters, & house furnishers
(Eventually extended westwards to No. 9 and eastwards to Nos. 13, 14 & 15)

1973

Costa International Menswear (also at 9 and 13)

1975–1980+

John Menzies, Stationer

By 1993–2007

Boots Optician

Pizzaland,
later Pizza Hut

2008–present 

L. K. Bennett

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 15 December, 2016

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