Oxford History: The High


16: Vacant / Brook Street Bureau

16 High Street


Nos. 13–16 High Street were built in 1773–4 by John Gwynn to form the frontage to the new covered market and were known as “New Parade”.

There is an avenue into the market in the centre of this group between Nos. 14 and 15, and one each side.

No. 16 is Grade II listed (List Entry No. 1047270).


The London & County Bank was situated here at 16 High Street from 1842 to 1868. The London & County Joint Stock Banking Company reported in December 1842 that at the close of that half-year three new branches had been successfully opened, one of which was at Oxford, “where the respectable Bank of Davenport Walker & Co. has merged with the London & County Bank”.

Slatter & Rose

At the time of the 1851 census the manager of the bank, Captain Henry Strong, lived upstairs with his wife, his daughters Henrietta (20), Emily Frances (10), Marion (8), Ethel (5), and three general servants. Emily Frances Strong became a writer on art, and ten years later she married Mark Pattison, the Rector of Lincoln College, who was 27 years her senior. (It has been suggested that their relationship inspired that of Casaubon and Dorothea in George Eliot’s Middlemarch.)

The upstairs premises were unoccupied in 1861

The bank (later the National Westminster) moved to its present large premises on the corner of Alfred Street in 1868. The upstairs premises were still unoccupied in 1871, and were probably offices.

The booksellers Slatter & Rose moved into this shop in 1901 (when they had to move from Nos. 2 and 3 because of the building of Lloyds Bank), and remained until 1956. The picture on the left shows their shop in about 1905.

The guest rooms of the Mitre Hotel next door extended over this shop.

Occupiers of 16 High Street since 1842


Main downstairs shop

Right-hand entrance and downstairs


London & County Bank


H. Adamson, Draper


G. M. Webb


Mappin & Webb, Cutlers and electro-platers


Frank Edward Webb, Jeweller, silversmith and cutler
Agent for Mappin & Webb, Gun maker and optician


Slatter & Rose Ltd., Booksellers


Wymans, Newsagents


John Menzies, Newsagents


?Indian/Oriental emporium?


By 1993–1998

Tecno shop

Brook Street Bureau


Jessops Photography





©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 31 December, 2017

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