Oxford History: The High

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139–140: Crew Clothing Co.


139-140 High Street

Nos. 139–140 date from the twentieth century. This building stands on the site of two former pubs and straddles two former parishes (All Saints to the west and St Martin’s to the east). The building is owned by Oxford City Council.

At the time of the 1772 Survey of Oxford, Mr Field occupied the site of No. 139 and Mrs Preston that of 140.

The two pubs that formerly stood side by side on this site were:

  • the Red Lion at No. 139 on the left,
  • The original Jolly Post Boys at No. 140 on the right.

Morrell’s bought the lease of the Red Lion from Hall’s some time after April 1851 and closed the old Jolly Post Boys, but to confuse matters they transferred the name of the Jolly Post Boys to the former Red Lion next door in around 1852 or just after. The Post Boys, as it was usually known, remained at No. 139 until 1935, when the building was demolished.

No. 139 (The Red Lion)

At the time of the 1851 census, Frances Harrison, a widow of 54, was the landlady of the Red Lion at No. 139, and she lived with her son, James Margetts, a confectioner, and a general servant. James Winfield moved here from the pub next door along with the business soon after the 1851 census, and was listed as the licensed victualler here at the time of the 1861 census. He died shortly afterwards, and his wife Jane took over the pub tenancy. In 1871 she was living here with her two daughters, a barmaid, and a servant, and: in 1881 with one daughter, a granddaughter, and her sister (who was an inn servant), plus one general servant.

No. 140 (The Jolly Post Boys

In 1851 James Winfield was the landlord at the Jolly Post Boys and lived here with his wife Jane and a general servant. After he moved into No. 139, the old pub at No. 140 became a jeweller’s shop, and at the time of the 1861 census it was occupied by Abraham Davis, a jeweller & silversmith, and his wife, and his assistant, who was a watchmaker; he was still there in 1871. By 1876 it had become a chemist’s shop, and in 1881 the chemist Josiah Jessop lived upstairs, with a dentist lodger.

Occupiers of 139 & 140
Darker background = former building now demolished

Date

139 High Street

140 High Street

1839–1852 

Red Lion
John Margetts (1830)
Mrs Fanny Margetts (1839),
who was Mrs Joseph Harrison from 1840
Henry Harrison
(bought by Morrells c.1851)

Jolly Post Boys
Alfred Teddar (1839)
J. Gallaway (1846)
James Winfield (by 1851–1852)
(sold by Morrells c.1852)

c.1853–1935

The (Jolly) Post Boys

Landlords:

James Winfield (c.1852)
Mrs Jane Winfield (by 1861–1889)
C. D. Williams (1889–1890)
William Charles Darbey (1890–1896)
George A. Kelly (1896–1923)
Albert Henry Kelly (1923–1935)

Abraham Davis
Watchmaker & jeweller
(1861–1876)

Josiah Henry Jessop
Homoeopathic pharmacy
(1876–1916)

Thornton, Murray & Thornton
(later Thornton & Thornton)
Chartered accountants
(1916–1925)

Styles & Whitlock
Auctioneers (1927–1934)

1939–1942

Martin's Bank Limited
Upstairs: Mrs M. G. Moule, Café

1942–1958

Oxford Trustee Savings Bank
Upstairs: Mrs M. G. Moule, Café (to 1947)

1964–1967

Oxford Information Centre

1975–1992

Bradford & Bingley Building Society

1993–2007

Oxford City Council Payments Office (later renamed Payments & Parking Shop)

2007–present

Crew Clothing Co.

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 3 October, 2015

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