HOLYWELL, OXFORD

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Holywell Gallows


1876 map showing site of gallows

The 1876 map of Oxford (above) shows the site of the Holywell Gallows, which were just outside the wall of the old town at the crossroads where Longwall Street turned into Church Street (now named St Cross Road), and Holywell Street met Benseval Street (later absorbed into the grove of Magdalen College).

The gallows belonged to Holywell Manor, and Bevis de Clare, the Rector of St Peter-in-the-East Church, claimed gallows here in 1279 and showed that his predecessors enjoyed the same liberty.

Merton College, the Lord of the Manor, established its right to them in 1377.

These gallows are sometimes described as the “Gownsmen’s Gallows”, but there is no reliable evidence for this, and the alleged execution here of two undergraduates for highway robbery reported to have been witnessed by Dr Routh, the President of Magdalen, appears to have been a myth.

Site of gallows

Plaque on wall of No. 100

 

Right: Plaque on the wall of 100 Holywell Street (shown above) commemorating the execution here on 5 July 1589 of four Catholic martyrs: more information

 

For more information on the gallows, see the Victoria County History description under HOLYWELL headed COURTS, available here

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© Stephanie Jenkins

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