HOLYWELL, OXFORD

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Park or Carter's Passage (was between Nos. 14 & 15)


Park Passage in 1876

Park Passage

 

 

The entrance to Park Passage, formerly known as Carter's Passage, was between 14 and 15 Holywell Street (above left): the accommodation above was numbered 14A Holywell Street (see under No. 14). There were six cottages in this passage, and up to forty people lived here until about 1940.

Park Passage is not to be confused with Park Place, which was on the site of the present Mansfield Road.

The extract from the 1876 map (above right) shows the entrance to Park Passage marked with a diagonal cross.

On 21 November 1868 the auction of the six cottages of Park Passage (together with the adjoining house and shop at 15/16 Holywell Street) was advertised thus in Jackson's Oxford Journal:

The FRONT HOUSE, with Shop, No. 16, and SIX COTTAGES in the rear, with Garden to each, and two detached wash-houses, water closets, and privies, with the city water laid on, adjoining Park Passage, in the several occupations of Messrs. Hounslow, Smith, Drury, Hughes, Stapleton, Miss Mallam, and Mrs. Robins, old and punctual tenants, paying a rental of £72. 14s. per annum.
   This Property is held by lease from Merton College, for a term of 40 years, from Michaelmas 1852, subject to a reserved rent of 15s. 9d., and Land Tax £1 14s. 3d.

Below: A glimpse of Park Passage today through the open gates: it is now the car park of Holywell Bed & Breakfast at No. 14.

Park Passage with gate open today

Park or Carter's Passage (between 14 & 15 Holywell Street) in the censuses

1841

The 1841 census for Holywell does not give house numbers, but it is possible to deduce where people listed that year lived by examining directory entries between 1839 and 1842 and later censuses

Carter's Passage [1]
James Brownlow (45), a college servant, lived here with his wife Maria (40) and James (11), Ann (9), and Elizabeth (4)

Carter's Passage [2]
Unoccupied

Carter's Passage [3}
William Poole (45), a painter, lived here with Susannah (43) and Charles (11), Jane (7), and Susan (4)./

Carter's Passage [4]
Henry Quarterman (70), a gardener, lived here with Harriet (50).

Carter's Passage [5]
Lydia Vickers
 (55), a college servant, lived here with Mary (25), Sophia (25), and Robert (20), and Mary Ballinger (6).

Carter's Passage [6]
Martha Osborne (50), a seampstress, lived here with Thomas Osborne (20), George Janes (30), a college servant, Ursula Janes (30), and George Janes (four months), plus Eliza Sheldon (20)

Carter's Passage [?6 again]
James Simms (25), a shoemaker, lived here with Mary (25) and John (21 months).

1851

1 Park Passage
Richard Drury (41), a tailor, lived here with his wife Selina (38) and his children Alfred (19), Richard (17), William (15), Selina (13), Edwin (9), Frederick (7), and George (3).

2 Park Passage
John Pryor (52), a groom, lived here with his wife Amy (59), who was a college kitchen woman, and his children Emma (23) and George (21).

3 Park Passage
Caleb Robbins
(42), a shoemaker, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (42) and their children Caleb (13), Eliza (11), and George (8).

4 Park Passage
Lidia Vickers
(67), a widowed college servant, lived here with her daughter Mary (35) and her grandchildren Mary Bellenger (16) and Charles Bradley (4).

5 Park Passage
Amelia Gardner
(41), an unmarried coat maker, lived here with her nephews John and James Lines, errand boys of 16 and 11 respectively. Lodging separately in the same house was Harriet Quarterman (62), a widowed laundress.

No listing for 6 Park Passage

1861

Park Passage [1]
Henry S. Hughes (39), a college servant, lived with his wife Emma (37) who was a dressmaker, and his children Henry (5), Samuel (3), and Emily (1).

Park Passage [2]
William Bunce (41), a bootmaker, lived with his wife Charlotte (43) and his daughters Keziah (2) and Sarah (15), who were both seamstresses, his son William (13), who was a reader with the University Press, and his younger children Charlotte (12), John (10), Arthur (8), Alice (5), and Susan (3).

Park Passage [3]
Caleb Robbins
(52), a boot & shoemaker, lived with his wife Elizabeth (52) who was a laundress, and his children Eliza (21), George (18, a printer’s warehouseman), and his London-born grandson William Gardener (2).

Park Passage [4]
Richard R. Drury (57), a tailor, lived here with his wife Selina (48) and his sons Edwin (19) and Frederick (17) who were both tailors, and his younger son George.

Park Passage [5]
Margaret Mallam
(52), an unmarried laundress, lived here with three lodgers (a bookbinder forwarder, a needlewoman, and a groom.

Park Passage [6]
William Smith
(36), a gardener, lived here with his wife Sarah (29) and his children Sarah (12), Hannah (10), George (6), and John (3 months), as well as his grandmother, Susannah Smith (63)

1871

No. 1 Park Passage
William Smith
 (42), a gardener, lived here with his wife Sarah (32) and their children Sarah (21) and George (16), who were servants, and John (10), Henry (8), and Emily (nine months).

No. 2 Park Passage
Miss Margaret Mallam
(62), a laundress, lived here with her lodger.

No. 3 Park Passage
Harry Hughes
 (49), a college servant, lived here with his wife Mary Ann (29), who was a laundress, and their four children: Henry (15), who was a college messenger, and Samuel (13), Louisa (9), and William (2).

No. 4 Park Passage
Charles Stapleton (27), a shoemaker, lived here with his wife Ann (33) and their children Charles (10), William (8), Sarah (6), Eleanor (4), George (2), and Kate (two months).

No listing for 5 & 6 Park Passage

1881

No. 1 Park Passage
Thomas D. B. Jones
(44), a general labourer, lived here with his wife Lucy (29) and his children Harry (9), Joseph (8), William (7), Alice (5), George (3), and Kate (1).

No. 2 Park Passage
John Bull
(38), a shoemaker, lived here with his wife Emma (48) and his children Mary Jane (12), Robert (9), William (8), and Emma (5). There was another family lodging with them: Richer Tagg (54), a general labourer with his wife Emma (40) and their son Charles (7).

No. 3 Park Passage
Alfred Halfacre
 (26), a coachsmith, lived here with his wife Catharine (26) and his sons Ernest (2) and Roland (3 weeks).

No. 4 Park Passage
Elizabeth Robbins
(80), a widowed charwoman, lived here alone.

No. 5 Park Passage
Mary Ann Taylor
(42), a plumber’s wife, was living here with her children Frank (14), who was a baker’s errand boy, Gertrude (9) Ruth (8), Sidney (7), Annie (5), and Rosamond (3).

No. 6 Park Passage
James Edwards
(40), a gardener, lived here with his wife Hannah (41) and his children James (16, a gas fitter), Ruth (15, a domestic servant), Alice (14), John (12), Frank (9), Douglas (6), Ben (40). A 68-year-old hawker, Thomas Linders, was lodging with them.

1891

No. 1 Park Passage
Listed as unoccupied

No. 2 Park Passage
John Bull
(48), a bootmaker, still lived here with his wife Emma (56) and his children Robert (20), who was also a bootmaker, William (19), who was a groom, and Emma (14), who was a domestic servant.

No. 3 Park Passage
Samuel Barr
ett (77), described as a widower and stonemason, lived here with his lodger.

No. 4 Park Passage
Elizabeth Robbins
(90) was still here, and her granddaughter Emily Taylor (21) was living with her.

No. 5 Park Passage
Robert M. Taylor
 (48), a painter, lived here with his wife Mary (47) and their children Frank (24), who was a draper's porter, Ruth (19) who was a domestic servant, Sidney (17), who was a Private in the King's Royal Rifles, Annie (15), who was a domestic servant, and Rosamund (13), and their grandson William Gardiner (six months).

No. 6 Park Passage
James P. Moss 
(34), a coachman, lived here with his wife Emma (39) and their children Elsie (6), Edith (3), and Emma (three weeks).

1901

No. 1 Park Passage
Samuel Hounslow
(37), a cabinet maker, lived here with his wife Eva (35) and his daughter Eva (10).

No. 2 Park Passage
John Bull
(58), a boot & shoe mender who worked for himself at home, lived here with his wife Emma (71) and his son William (25), who was a groom.

No. 3 Park Passage
Arthur Carter
 (28), a cab driver, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (26), his daughter May (8), his father-in-law James Allen (50, who was a wheelwright, and his mother-in-law Louisa Allen (42), who was a carriage finisher.

No. 4 Park Passage
Frank Taylor
(34), a cabinet maker’s porter, lived here with his wife Deborah (35) and his children Emily (6), Ethel (4), Sidney (3), and Gertrude (1).

No. 5 Park Passage
Robert Taylor
(60), a house painter, lived here with his wife Mary (61) and his daughter Rosamond (22), who worked as a general servant, and his grandson Lewis Cartwright (3).

No. 6 Park Passage
Elizabeth Fortescue
(52), a widowed charwoman, lived here with her daughter Fanny (27) who worked as her general servant. She had a boarder who was a domestic coachman.

1911

No. 1 Park Passage
Not listed.

No. 2 Park Passage
Thomas Haydon
(64), a carman, lived here with his wife Ann (63).

No. 3 Park Passage
Not listed.

No. 4 Park Passage
Frank Taylor
(44), a widowed furniture porter, lived here with his children Emily (16), Ethel (14), Sidney (15), and Frank (4).

No. 5 Park Passage
Mrs M. A. Taylor
(73), a widowed housekeeper, lived here with her son Sidney (37), her daughter Rose Coombs (31) and her daughter’s husband Arthur Coombs (31), and her grandson Lewis Cartwright (13).

No. 6 Park Passage
Elizabeth Fortescue
(64) a widowed municipal office cleaner, lived here with her unmarried daughter Fanny (38), who was the cleaner at Holywell Church.

Some occupants of Park Passage listed in directories etc.

 

No. 1

No. 2

No. 3

1872

Mrs Smith

J. Bull
Boot & shoe maker

Miss Mallam

1875–1876

Robert Taylor
Plumber & glazier

1899

No listing

Thomas Hayden

No listing

1915

Samuel Hounslow

John Bull
Bootmaker

Richard Bond

1930

No listing

Mrs Roberts

No listing

1935

No listing

1941

No listing

 
 

No. 4

No. 5

No. 6

1872

Mrs Robbins

Charles Stapleton
Boot & shoe maker

Mrs Brown

1875–1876

Mrs Highdon

Mrs Brown
George T. Plaister

1899

Frank Taylor

No listing

John Webber

1915

Robert Taylor

Mrs Fortescue

1930

George Parker

Arthur Coombs

Frederick H. Furby
Tailor

1935, 1936

No listing

1941

No listing

 

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© Stephanie Jenkins

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