HOLYWELL, OXFORD

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57 Holywell Street (former William IV public house)


57 Holywell Street

Grade II Listed Building: List Entry Number 1047239. This is a seventeenth-century house which has been altered. Owned by Merton College.

Because No. 56 Holywell has a door which faces on to Bath Place, in some directories this building is numbered 56 instead of 57.

This house was a pub known as the William IV from about 1830. It closed in about 1919.

Drawing by H. Wilkinson Moore of this house in 1880 when it was the William IV pub

57 Holywell Street in the censuses

1841

The 1841 census for Holywell does not give house numbers, but it is possible to deduce where people listed that year lived by examining directory entries between 1839 and 1842 and later censuses

William Denyer (35), a saddler & beer retailer, lived here at the William IV with his wife Susannah (35).

Margaret Mallam, laundress, is listed in Holywell Street, and probably lived here (see 1851 below).

1851

William Denyer (43), now described as a master saddler & publican, still lived here with his wife Susannah (48).

Margaret Mallam (48), a single laundress, was listed as the head of the household at No. 58, but it seems more likely that her household should have been listed as 57a. She lived here with her brother Thomas Mallam (50), a shoemaker. Both were unmarried, and they had a lodger.

1861

Manasseh Rhodes (32), a farrier & publican, lived here with his wife Ann (25) and sons William (7) and Harry (4).

1871

Edward Davies (43), a groom & publican, lived here at the pub (which is wrongly numbered 58 in the census) with his wife Louie and their children Elizabeth (12), Edwin (10), Jesse (8), Mary (6), and Albert (3). They had one servant.

1881

Lydia Alexander (30) was the innkeeper here. She is described both as the head of the household and as being married, and lived here with her children Lizzie (12), Ernest (9), and Alice (8).

1891

Isaac Luker (38), a compositor, lived here at the William IV pub with his wife Elizabeth (36) and their children Ethel (15), who was a dressmaker, Alice (12), Minnie (10), Walter (7), and Violet (1).

1901

Isaac Luker (50), now a widower and described as a publican and compositor, still lived here with his children Minnie (20), who was a barmaid, Walter (18), who was a college servant, and Violet (11).

1911

Isaac Luker (57) continued to live here with his son Cyril (14), who was still at school.

Occupants of 57 Holywell Street listed in directories etc.

1772
Survey of Oxford

Frontage: 5 yds 0 ft 9 in
Mr Walker

1839–1915

William the Fourth Public House

Some landlords:
William Denyer (1839–1852): also saddler
Manasseh Roads (1861–1866)
William Davis (1871)
Edward Davis (1872)
Mrs Elizabeth Field (1875–1876)

Lydia Alexander (1881)
Isaac Luker (1884–1916)

1921

George Raynham

1926–1936

Rowland Charles Fogden

1945–1956

Mrs R. A. Cooper

1958–1960

Anthony Flynn

1962

No listing

1964

John R. Howe

1966–1967

Richard Mulgan

1970

Thomas E. Mswaka

1972–1976

No listing

Today

Merton College annexe

Holywell home

© Stephanie Jenkins

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