HOLYWELL, OXFORD

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New College Scott buildings east (was Nos. 70–74)


Continuing the tour along the south side of Holywell Street from west to east, the first block of New College is the second phase of George Gilbert Scott’s building (1875–7); see the first phase (75–86 Holywell Street) for more information about the design.

This phase comprises a five-storey tower to accommodate married tutors, and two more staircases linking this tower to Scott’s original block. Jackson’s Oxford Journal of 24 December 1874 announced that Nos. 70–74 Holywell Street were already being demolished ready for this phase.

Tutor's house in tower

Part of a Grade II Listed Building: List Entry Number 1300697. (It is jointly listed with the rest of Scott’s block to the east as well as to Champneys’ Robinson Tower and Pandy building.)

In the row that was demolished was the Golden Balls public house at No. 71

70–74 Holywell Street in the censuses to 1871

1841

No. 70
.…

No. 71
William Ball (35), a publican, lived here with Phoebe (20), and Phoebe (1). He had one female servant and four lodgers

No. 72
John Slatter (55), a grocer, lived here with Mary (50) and Clara Ann (10), plus Emily Farrant (5).

No. 73

No. 74
Mary Green (35), independent, lived here with Ann Green, two lodgers, and one female servant.

1851

No. 70
Richard Gillman (33), a shoemaker employing three men, lived here with his wife Mary (32) and their children Emily (12), George (9), Mary (6), Rose (3), and Richard (1). They had one servant.

No. 71: “The Golden Ball Publick House”
Thomas H. Gilder (71), carpenter & publican, lived here with his wife Jane (61) and their children Richard (38) and Harriet (30).

No. 72
Mary A. B. Sims (37), a shoemaker’s wife, lived here with her son James (7)

No. 73
William Pratt (52), a college servant, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (57) and their daughters Charlotte (30) and Elizabeth (19), who were both dressmakers, and their son Charles (17), who was a clerk to a watchmaker.

No. 74
Martha Wells (60), the widow of a college cook, lived here with her son Thomas (23), who was a cook at Brasenose College, and her daughters Sarah (20) and Frances (17). They had a house servant.

1861

No. 70
Richard Gilman
(42), a Bristol-born boot & shoe maker, lived here with his wife Mary Ann (41) and his children George (18, a boot & shoe maker), Mary Ann (16, a bookkeeper), Rosa (13), Richard (11), Charles (9), Clara (6), Alice (3), and Henry (10 months). A boot & shoe maker living with them in the house is described as Gilman’s “servant”.

No. 71
Robert Fowler (51), a carpenter, lived here with his wife Leliza (56) and his sons William (23, a cordwainer) and George (21, a college servant).

No. 72
Charles Crapper (45), a clothes cleaner, lived here with his wife Lavinia (45) and his children Charles (17, a servant), Henry (14), John (11), William (7)

No. 73
William Ogden
(31), a carpenter & joiner employing one man and two boys, lived here with his wife Susan (36), who was a milliner employing one woman. They have an apprentice milliner boarding with them, and a servant girl of 14.

No. 74
Two families lived in this house: (1) Martha Wells (72), a widow, with her granddaughter Fanny (7) and a servant; and (2) Robert Pole, (45), a landholder, with his wife Charlotte (4) and his son-in-law John Beall, who is described as a gentleman.

Nos. 70–74 were demolished in 1874, but the family who lived in the new “tutor’s tower” continues to be listed in the census
1881

The tutor himself was away, but the house was occupied by his wife Edith M. Papillon (33), and his son Edward (7). Also in the house on census night were Papillon’s father-in-law Charles B. Dalton (70), who was a clergyman without cure of souls, and his brother-in-law Charles B. Dalton (27), who was a solicitor’s managing clerk. The family had two servants (a housemaid and a parlour maid).

1901

Percy B. Mattheson (42), a college tutor, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (39). He had three servants (a cook, parlour maid, and housemaid. His mother and sister-in-law were visitors on census night.

1911

Three senior members of New College, all bachelors, lived here: John S. Townsend (42), Professor of Physics, and Henry Henderson (3) and Horace Joseph (48), both Fellows and Tutors.

 

Occupants of 70–74 Holywell Street listed in directories etc.

 

No. 74

No. 73

No. 72

No. 71

No. 70

1772
Survey of Oxford

Frontage:
7 yds 1 ft 6 in
Mrs Tipping

Frontage:
4 yds 0ft 0in
Mr White

Frontage: 6 yds  0ft 9in
Mr Inott

Frontage:
5yds 0ft 0in
Mr Clark

Frontage:
5yds 0ft 0in
Mr William Billing

1841

 

Miss Mary Green

No listing

John Slatter
Grocery & cheesemonger

GOLDEN BALL:

James Cater (1839)

William Ball
(1841–2)

Isaac Richards (1846)

Thomas Gilder (1851)

Robert Fowler (1861)

William Hounslow
(1866–1871)

No listing.
(Golden Ball sometimes
listed as No. 70)

1846

Thomas Fairfax

1851

Mrs Martha Wells

William Pratt
College servant

Mary Simms
Shoemaker’s widow

Richard Gillman
Boot & shoemaker

1861

Mrs Susan Ogden

Charles Crapper
Clothes cleaner

18661871

Mrs Hart
Milliner

+ Benjamin Hart
in 1871

J. F. Green
Tailor

1872

Mrs Webb

Miss Strange
Preparatory school

PRINCE OF WALES
Robert Bruce

W. H. Wells
Carver & gilder

1875

No listing. These five houses were demolished at the end of 1874

Nos. 70–74
today

Part of New College: The tower that was built to be a married tutor’s house,
and the two adjoining staircases

Holywell home

© Stephanie Jenkins

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