LONG WALL STREET, OXFORD

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Sacher Building, formerly 1517 Long Wall Street


Sacher Building, 15-17 Long Wall Street

Above: Sacher Building from south; below, from north

Sacher Building from north

Sacher Building entrance

In May 1961 New College was granted planning permission (61/10576/A_H) for a “new building for graduates and car storage” on the site of 15, 16, and 17 Long Wall Street. The Sacher Building, designed by David Roberts, was built in 1962.

 

Above: Rear of the Sacher Building, facing Long Wall Street

Right: Entrance to the Sacher Building inside New College, through the “long wall” that once marked the end of the gardens of the houses that stood here

Below: The “long wall” viewed from New College garden, with the tower of the Sacher Building (which appears on the left in the above photograph) rising above the wall on the right.

Sacher Building from rear

The detail below from the 1876 OS map shows the site of the Sacher Building (viewed from the west, with Longwall Street at the top). The site comprises No. 15 (the wide building attached to No. 14 to the south), then a gap to the north followed by Nos. 16 & 17, a small pair of semi-detached houses with a stylish shared back garden and an outhouse-type building attached on the north side.

Sacher Building site on 1876 OS map

The yard was in the occupation of John Hudson’s builder’s firm until 1864. The following advertisement appeared in Jackson’s Oxford Journal for 8 October 1864:

TO LET, with immediate possession,— The extensive BUILDING YARDS, with Masons’ and Carpenters’ Shops, Trade Erections, offices, and Foreman’s Cottage, situate in Long Wall-street, for many years in the occupation of Messrs. Hudson.

The yard was then occupied by the bookbinders Morley & Brewer (later Morley Brothers).

No. 15 was described in a city lease of 1812 as having been “lately erected”. This house belonged to the City until 1921, when it became the property of New College by an exchange. On 1 July 1812 the City granted a lease to the Headington carpenter William Jeffcoat of “seven messuages, lately erected”, being Nos. 9–15. In 1825 and 1839 he was granted further leases, and the occupant of No. 13 was on both occasions James Watts.

No. 16 was occupied by John Townsend in 1812 and by James Hudson in 1825.

Jackson’s Oxford Journal of 25 February 1893 reported that the “extensive leasehold premises in Long Wall-street, in the occupation of Messrs Morley and Son, was sold, after spirited bidding, at 2,700l”.

Occupants of 15–18 Long Wall Street listed in directories etc.

 

No. 15

Behind  No. 15/16

No. 16

No. 17

1841

James Watts
Painter & glazier

John Hudson
Builder, brickmaker, stone & marble mason (1830)

 

Hudson & Matthew,
Builders (No 16) (1852)

John Hudson

James Gadd
College servant

1846

No listing

No listing

1851

Beesley and Carter
Painters & glaziers (1851/2)

John Beesley (1861)

Ann Wenn
Housekeeper

Thomas Bacon (1851)

Helen Bacon, milliner (1852)

1852

Charles Crawley
Assistant Master, Magdalen College School

1861

John Hudson

Unoccupied

Unoccupied, then
Rev. Edward A. Litton

1866

Henry Quarterman,
carpenter and furnishing undertaker

Morley and Brewer, bookbinders

W. Ogden, builder and timber merchant

Charles James Wood, M.A.

R. W. White,
college servant

1871

Henry Quarterman
Job Durran
W. Ogden
Morley & Brewer

 

Edward Brewer
(died 14 June 1875)

Mrs Lucretia Brewer (1881)

 

Thomas Morley (15½)

William Morley

Revd R. Faussett

1881

Thomas Bateman & Son
Carpenters

with Joseph Greenaway
Livery stable keeper (1899 only)

 

with Mrs L. Bateman (1935–1936)

Thomas Morley (1889)

Miss Anne  Morley (1899, 1901))

1889–1901

Thomas Morley, bookbinder

Morley Brothers
Book binders by 1899

William Morley (1901)

Morley Bros, bookbinders (16A)

1901-1914

Mrs Fanny Webber (1901)

Miss Webber (1914)

William Nicholson
University lodging house

1928

William E. Kettle

1935–1936

Miss Potter

1947

Miss Bateman

 

+ B. F. Green,
carpenter in 1954
and 1956 only

Edward Baskerville

Mrs E. M. Hancock

1952

 

David Lincoln

William Charles Rudd

1954–1956

 

Edward Baskerville

Mrs E. M. Hancock

1958–1960

 

Christopher G. T. Wheway

1962–1976

Sacher Building,
New College

At 15–18 Long Wall Street today

15, 16, & 17 Long Wall Street in the censuses

1841

The 1841 census does not give house numbers, but it is possible to give a tentative assignment based on census order and known inhabitants

No. 15
James Watts
(60), a painter, lived here with Rachel Watts (55). Also in the house were Elizabeth Easte (50) with Richard and James, (both recorded as 20).

No. 16
John Hudson (63), independent, lived here with John (35), a servant, and an independent young lady Mary Cook (21).

No. 17
James Gadd (30), a college servant, lived here with Jane (30).

1851

No. 15
John Beesley
(44), a painter, lived here with his wife Mary (55) and his children James (22), who was a shoemaker; Harriet (19); William (19), an apprentice tailor; and Thomas (15), who was still at school. A second part of the house was occupied by Nathaniel Parsons (36), a college servant, and his wife Maria (44) and children George (5) and Nathaniel (2), and a 14-year-old servant girl.

No. 16
Ann Wenn (49), a housekeeper, lived here with her lodger Daniel Trinder (22), who was an undergraduate, and one female servant.

No. 17
Thomas Bacon (34), a tailor’s foreman, lived here with his wife Helen (32), a milliner and dressmaker.

1861

No. 15
John Beesley
(64), a widower and painter, lived here with his widowed daughter Sarah Poulton (42), his unmarried daughter Emily (34), and his granddaughter Emily Margetts (14). They had a child of seven boarding with them, and two lodgers occupied another part of the house.

No. 16
Unoccupied.

No. 17
Unoccupied.

1871

No. 15
Henry Quarterman
(55), a builder, lived here with his wife Hannah (40), his children Alice (5) and Emily (1), and his niece Elizabeth Hanks (11). They had one servant.

No. 16
Edward Brewer (60), a retired bookbinder, lived here with his wife Lucretia (59), his children Maria (27), Annie (18), and his grandson Edward Brewer (5).

No. 17
Thomas Morley (69), a bookbinder employing nine men, lived here with his wife Sarah (59) and daughter Mary (21).

1881

No. 15
Thomas Bateman
(45), a carpenter, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (41) and his children Wilson (16), Ernest (11), and Lilla Mary (8). They had a lodger and one servant.

No. 16
Lucretia Brewer (66), a widow with an income from houses, lived here with her three daughters Emma (3), Maria (27), and Annie (22), all described as having no occupation, and her grandson George Brewer (15), who was a bookbinder.

No. 17
Thomas Morley (69), a bookbinder, lived here with his wife Sarah (68) and his unmarried daughter Anne (46), who is described as a retired schoolmistress.

1891

No. 15
Thomas Bateman
(56), a carpenter, still lived here with his wife Eliza (52), a lodging house keeper, and his children Wilson (26), Ernest (21), and Lilla (18). They had one servant.

No. 16
William Morley (51), a bookbinder, lived here with his wife Mary (51) and his son Frederick (2), who was an organist and teacher of music.

No. 17
Thomas Morley (79), a book binder, lived here with his wife Sarah (78) and their unmarried daughter Anne (56).

1901

No. 15
Thomas Bateman
(63), a carpenter and now a widower, still lived here, with his son Ernest (31), who was also a carpenter, and his son’s wife Laura (32). They had one servant.

No. 16
William Morley (60), a bookbinder, lived here with his wife Mary (61) and his son Frederick (36), who was a teacher of music. They had a 14-year-old servant girl.

No. 17
Anne Morley (66), a spinster with her own means, lived here with her sister Mary (52) and Mary’s husband William (49), who was an unemployed clerk. They had one lodger.

1911

No. 15
Thomas Bateman
(75), a widowed carpenter, still lived here with his son Ernest (41) and Ernest’s wife Laura (42) and their daughter Bessie (9). They had one servant.

No. 16
Fanny Webber (42), a married apartment keeper, lived here with two boarders: George Will (69), a retired Colonel in the Royal Artillery, and his wife Margaret (47).

No. 17
William Nicholson (59), a married boarding-house keeper, lived here.

Long Wall home

© Stephanie Jenkins

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