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Oxford War Memorials: St Clement's Church

Front of St Clement's war memorial

This memorial is in St Clement's churchyard on the Marston Road. The front (left), which bears the only inscription, faces west, towards the church. The text in lead lettering on the pedestal reads:

To the Glory
of God
and in honoured
and grateful
memory of the
108 men from
St Clements
who gave their lives
for their Country
in the Great War
1914–1918

The text on the riser of the top step, which has nearly worn away, reads:

Their name liveth for evermore

The names of the 108 men of St Clement's who were killed in the First World War are listed on a framed Roll of Honour inside the church.

This memorial was designated a Grade II listed structure on 14 February 2017: List Entry No. 1441516. This followed an application made under the Historic England scheme to add 2,500 free-standing First World War memorials to the National Heritage List for England between 2014 and 2018: The War Memorials Listing Project

This memorial, which stands about 4.5 metres high, is made of Portland stone. It comprises a Latin stone cross surmounting a tapering octagonal column standing on a stone pedestal carved with broach stops. This in turn stands on a three-stepped octagonal base. It was erected by Messrs Axtell & Son of Oxford, whose bill came to £192.

The names of the St Clement's First World War dead are on a framed Roll of Honour inside the church. They are listed in three columns, almost in alphabetical order, reproduced in the table below. Each man's name has been linked to his memorial page on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's website. Some information (and in some cases confirmation of identification) was obtained from the Oxford City Roll of Honour, available online here. Modern street names are given (e.g. Pembroke Street = Rectory Road; George Street = Cave Street; and High Street = St Clement's Street).

St Clement's, Oxford.
Roll of Honour

To the glory of God, and in honoured and grateful memory
of the 108 men from St Clement's who have their lives for their Country in the Great War, 1914–1918

Acaster, George W.
Private, Devonshire Regt
Killed in action in 1918, aged 20
19 Pensons Gardens, St Clement's

Holmes, Henry J.
Lance-Corporal, Royal Berkshire Regt
Killed in action in 1914, aged 27
7 York Place, St Clement's

Quarterman, Reginald
Private, Canadian Infantry
Killed in action in 1915

Andrews, Reginald
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 27
8 Glebe Street, St Clement's

Holmes, William T.
Lance-Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1915

Quarterman, William V.
Private, Northumberland Fusiliers
Killed in action in 1918

Barnes, Edwin R.
Private, Royal Sussex Regt
Killed in action in 1917
115 Iffley Road, Oxford

Horn, Gilbert L.
Private, Seaforth Highlanders, 
Died of wounds in 1918, aged 22
9 Cave Street, St Clement's

Quinion, Richard C.
Trooper, Queen's Own
   Oxfordshire Hussars
Killed in action in 1915

Beckett, George
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1915, aged 18,
17 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Horn, James
Private, Royal Berkshire Regt
Killed in action in 1917, aged 29
9 Cave Street, St Clement's

Rogers, William A.
Private, OBLI,
Killed in action in 1917

Beesley, Montague
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916

Hornsby, Samuel J.
Private, Worcestershire Regt
Killed in action in 1918, aged 21

Sargood, Reginald F.
Lance Serjeant, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918, aged 23
10 Brewery Street, St Clement's

Biles, John W.
Private, Worcestershire Regt
Died of wounds in 1918, aged 22
Oxford

Horwood, James H.
Private, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infy
Killed in action in 1916

Savage, Alexander
Corporal, Canadian Infantry
Died of wounds in 1915

Blay, Sidney A.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 41
26 Alma Place, St Clement's

Hudson, Alfred J.
Corporal, Seaforth Highlanders
Died from sickness in 1918, aged 21
Oxford

Shepherd, Albert H.
Lance Corporal, OBLI,
Died in 1917
Caroline Street

Brooks, Samuel F.
Private, 1/4th OBLI
Died of wounds in 1915, aged 26
35 London Place

Hughes, Reginald A.
Serjeant, Royal Welsh Fusiliers
Killed in action in 1915, aged 20
29 Cave Street, St Clement's

Shepherd, John H.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 18
20 Caroline Street

Bulbeck, Ernest G.
Private, Seaforth Highlanders
Killed in action in 1917, aged 19
55 Bartlemas Road, Oxford

James, Albert E.
Steward 3rd Class, HMS Scott
Killed in action in 1917

Shepherd, William
Rifleman, King's Royal Rifle Corps
Died of wounds in 1915

Bulbeck, Harry
Private, London Regt
Killed in action in 1915, aged 38
9 St Mary's Road, Oxford

James, Walter A.
Gunner, Royal Field Artillery
Killed in action in 1917, aged 32
99 St Clement's Street

Soanes, Frederick W.
Lance-Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 22
12 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Bulbeck, Walter E.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916, aged 20
55 Bartlemas Road, Oxford

Jaycock, Henry
Private, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1917, aged 19
29 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Sollors, Albert, M.M.
Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery
Missing in 1918, aged 43
25 Bath Street, St Clement's

Burrows, Percy C.
Private, Australian Infantry, A.I.F.
Died of wounds in 1918
Born in Oxford

Jones, James T.
Private, Somerset Light Infantry
Died of wounds in 1916, aged 18
41 Rectory Road, St Clement's

Smith, John
Private, OBLI,
Killed in action in 1914, aged 31
16 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Bushnell, Albert H.
Corporal OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 29
14 Bath Street, St Clement's

Kendall, Bert
Private, OBLI,
Died from sickness in 1918, aged 19
2 Yew Tree Cottages,
   Pensons Gardens, St Clement's

Smith, William H.
Driver, Royal Engineers
Died of wounds in 1918, aged 29
8 Bath Square
Also on Headington Quarry
war memorial: Biography

Butt, Harry
Lance Serjeant, OBLI,
Died of wounds in 1917, aged 28
24 St Clement's Street

Kirk, John H.
Company Quartermaster
    Serjeant, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1918, aged 57

Stannard, William
Private, OBLI,
Killed in action in 1917, aged 28
19 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Callaghan, Michael J.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918

Knowles, George H.
Private, Berkshire Yeomanry
Killed in action in 1917, aged 28
79 East Avenue, Oxford

Steele, Gilbert E.
Captain, 1st Ghurka Rifles
Accidentally killed in 1919

Clapton, George T.
Private, OBLI, trans. to 810th
    Area Employment Company
Accidentally killed in 1919

Lakin, Charles
Lieutenant, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1916, aged 26
Stanley Road, Oxford

Sturges, Harry H.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918

Clinkard, Kenneth C.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918, aged 21
Oxford

Lamb, William C.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917

Styles, Charles H.
Private, OBLI
Died in 1916, aged 19

Collins, Ernest
Private, Royal Berkshire Regt
Missing in 1917
7 Wingfield Street, Oxford

Lines, Percival G.
Private, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1916, aged 23
3 Albion Place, Bath Street, St Clement's

Styles, Stephen
Private, Black Watch
   (Royal Highlanders)
Killed in action in 1916

Cooke, Charles
Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery
Killed in action in 1916, age 20
38 Bath Street, St Clement's

Lewis, Thomas H.
Private, Tank Corps
Died of wounds in 1918

Swanton, Francis J. Y.
HMS President III,
    Royal Marine Light Infantry
Died of sickness in 1918, aged 23
16 Cherwell Street, St Clement's

Cook, Jabez A.
Private, Royal West Surrey Regt
Killed in action in 1917, aged 22
25 York Place, St Clement's

Mason, Frederick S.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1915, aged 27
6 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Thicke, William R.
Private, Royal Warwick Regt
Killed in action in 1917, aged 24
5 Glebe Street

Couling, Charles R.
Private, OBLI
Missing in 1916

Mawer, Ernest L.
Lance Corporal, King's Shropshire
    Light Infantry, att. Hereford Regt
Killed in action in 1918

Tinson, Harry V.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916
34 Cave Street, St Clement's

Cox, Alan W. E.
Private, South Staffordshire Regt
Missing in 1917

Mawer, John E.
Private, OBLI,
Killed in action in 1915, aged 30
14 Thames Street, Oxford

Turrell, Henry G.
Second Lieutenant, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1917, aged 19
Cherwell Lodge, Magdalen Bridge

Davidson, Harry M.
Private, OBLI
Died of wounds in 1917, aged 34
24 Cross Street, St Clement's

Millin, Frederick G., M.M.
Sgt. OBLI, att. Queen's R.W.SurreyR.
Killed in action in 1918

Tyrrell, Harry
Lieutenant, The Queen's 
    (Royal West Surrey) Regt
Killed in action in 1918, aged 37
61 Warwick Street, Oxford

Day, Thomas C.
Bombardier, Royal Garrison Artillery
Killed in action in 1917, aged 35
Oxford

Moore, Harry
Private, Devonshire Regt, transf.
   to Labour Corps
Died of wounds in 1918, aged 28

Valters, Frederick C.
Gunner, Royal Field Artillery
Killed in action in 1916, aged 29
St Clement's

Denton, George C.
Major, Indian Pioneers Indian Army,
   (Kelat-i-Ghilzie Regt, att Jind Infy)
Killed in action in 1916, aged 35

Newell, Frank P.
Private, Lincolnshire Regt
Killed in action in 1917
Alma Place

Waite, William T.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 29
88 East Avenue, Oxford

Douglas, William
Regimental Serjeant Major, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918, aged 44
58 Cornmarket Street, Oxford

Newell, Thomas H.
Private, OBLI
Died in 1916
St Mary's Road

Walton, William E.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918, aged 34
23 Friars Street, Oxford

Enock, William G.
Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery
Died from sickness in 1918

North, Edward
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1915, aged 33
12 Wellington Street, Oxford

Ward, Bertie F.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916

Fenmore, Reginald H.
Leading Signaller, MS Dublin
Killed in action in 1916, aged 21

North, George O.
Private, Somerset Light Infantry
Killed in action in 1917

Ward, Joseph
Segt. Royal Berks Regt
Killed in action in 1917, aged 34
2 Caroline Terrace, Caroline Street

Ferriman, Frederick S.
Second Lieutenant, Royal Flying
    Corps and OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 23
36 Minster Road, Oxford

Nutt, Arthur
Private, Army Service Corps
Died of sickness in 1915, aged 52
23 East Avenue, Oxford

Webb, John
Private, Suffolk Regt
Died of wounds in 1916, aged 51
21 Cherwell Street, St Clement's

Green, Frank
Private, Royal Fusiliers
Killed in action in 1916, aged 23
36 Minster Road, Oxford

Parslow, Ernest C.
Gunner, Canadian Garrison Artillery
Died of wounds in 1918

Wickson, Charles R.
Lance Corporal, Worcester Regt
Killed in action in 1915
St Clement's

Green, Harry C.
Private, Army Service Corps
Died in 1918
22 Cross Street, St Clement's

Parslow, John W. J.
Private, Hampshire Regt
Killed in action in 1915

Wickson, George H.
Private, London Regt
Killed in action in 1918
St Clement's

Green, James A.
Private, OBLI
Died from sickness in 1917, aged 29
16 New Street, St Clement's

Partlett, Jesse F.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 20
85 Isis Street, Oxford

Wilkinson, Bertie H.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 23
12 Bath Street, St Clement's

Halsey, Charles
Private, 1/4th OBLI
Killed in action in 1916

Partlett, William E.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1918, aged 20
85 Isis Street, Oxford

Wright, William G. H.
Private, OBLI,
Killed in action in 1916, aged 27
6 London Place, St Clement's

Harris, Herbert A.
Lance Corporal, Worcester Regt
Died of wounds in 1915, aged 21
44 Rectory Road, St Clement's

Pegram, John J.
Lance Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1914

Wyatt, Henry Guy
Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1917, aged 21
Balliol College Lodge

Harris, Sylvester C.
Corporal, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916

Phillips, William F. J.
Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery
Died from sickness in 1918, aged 38
42 Cherwell Street, St Clement's

Young, Francis
? Private, Northumberland Fusiliers
Died in 1916

Hilsdon, William H.
Private, Coldstream Guards
Died from sickness in 1918, aged 30
28 Caroline Street, St Clement's

Plato, Henry G.
Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery
Killed in action in 1916

Young, Robert W.
Private, OBLI
Killed in action in 1916

Their name liveth for evermore.

 

Back of war memorial

Right: The back of the memorial as viewed from the Marston Road, with St Clement's Church behind

In 1921 Mrs Herbert Morrell of Headington Hill Hall gave some land to the south of St Clement's Church for an extension to its burial ground, and the war memorial to the parish's dead was erected here.

The war memorial account of St Clement's Church (Oxfordshire Record Office, MSS. D.D. Par. Oxford St Clement's, p. 41) shows that the total cost of the memorial came to
£197 1s. 5d. (including a Faculty fee of two guineas and £2 19s. 5d. for the printing of programmes). Subscriptions came to £101 18s. 10d., and £5 13s. 6d. was added from another account, leaving a shortfall of £89 9s. 1d., which Mrs Morrell gave as a donation.

This memorial was unveiled by Mrs Morrell and consecrated by the Bishop of Oxford (Hubert Murray Burge) on 4 April 1921.

The Oxford Journal Illustrated of 6 April 1921 (p. 12) has a photograph of the Bishop of Oxford dedicating this memorial, and of Mrs Herbert Morrell unveiling it. She also unveiled the scroll in the church containing the names of the dead, made by Mowbray's at a cost of £11 10s. 6d.


Order of Service for the consecration of the extension to the St Clement's burial ground
and the dedication of the war memorial

Oxfordshire Record Office (PA Pamphlets OXFO/725.94/SCLE)

This Order of Service records in detail the programme, starting with a hymn, general confession, absolution, and the Lord's Prayer, followed by the consecration of the extension to the burial ground outside the church.

Then the Bishop said to Mrs Morrell, “We ask you to unveil the War Memorial to the Men who have laid down their lives for the Country's cause.” Mrs Morrell then said simply, “I unveil this Memorial in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”

Then the Bishop dedicated the St Clement's war memorial with the following words:

Almighty God, Who has called us by Thy Cross and Passion to a life of service and self-sacrifice, accept this Memorial to Thy glory, and to perpetuate the memory and heroism of the 108 men from this Parish of St. Clement's who gave their lives during the Great War, which we offer and dedicate for Thine honour, and memory of those who, following Thee and at the call of duty, counted not their lives dear unto themselves. Amen.

This was followed by the Collect for All Saints' Day, and then the procession returned inside the church, and the hymn “On the Resurrection Morning” was sung. Then the Bishop invited Mrs Morrell to unveil the scroll in the church containing the names of the dead with the words, “We request you to unveil the names of the men who renounced their lives during the Great War.” Mrs Morrell said:

To the glory of God, and in the name of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, I unveil this record of the men who laid down their lives in the Great War, and trust that the preservation of their names in this Church may be a solace to the bereaved and an incentive to future generations to emulate their earnest steadfastness and self-abnegation in the service of their God, their Church, and their Empire.

The Bishop then dedicated the scroll, saying, “In the Name of Jesus Christ, and to His glory, I dedicate this Roll of the names of the men who, in obedience to the call of their King and Country, surrendered their lives during the Great War.”

There was then a processional hymn to the chancel, followed by a sermon by the Bishop, another hymn, the Benediction, and a recessional hymn.


In the Oxford Times of 8 April 1921, cols. 2 & 3, a sermon given on Sunday 3 April 1921 by the Revd T. W. Gilbert, the former Vicar of St Clement's is reported in full, giving many anecdotes about the families of the war dead, and mentioning that one boy from St Clement's spent his fifteenth birthday in the trenches. This is followed by a report on the unveiling ceremony and includes the sermon of the Bishop of Oxford in full.


This memorial on the Database of the Imperial War Museums: St Clement's Parish WW1 Memorial Cross
and separate entry for the framed Roll of Honour inside the church

War Memorials online: St Clement's Memorial Cross

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© Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 17 September, 2019

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