Frederick Joseph ALLSWORTH (1873–1916)
Oxford Journal Illustrated, 26 July 1916
Reproduced by kind permission of Oxfordshire
County Council, Oxfordshire History Centre
Father: Thomas ALLSWORTH: born in Stanton Harcourt in 1849; died in Oxford in 1908
Mother: Sarah MORGAN: born in in St Thomas’s, Oxford in 1849/50; died in Oxford in 1917
Frederick’s parents were married at St Thomas’s Church, Oxford on 19 March 1871 and had eight children (but the three in italic died in infancy):
- Charles Thomas Allsworth: born in Oxford in 1872 and baptised at St Thomas's Church on 24 November with his surname spelt Hallsworth
- Frederick Joseph Allsworth: born in Oxford in 1873 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 8 February 1874
- Martha Ellen Allsworth (born in Oxford in c.April 1875 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 6 May 1875; died at Ayers Yard aged 4 months and buried at the church on 15 August 1875
- Alice Rose Allsworth: born in Oxford in c.December 1876 (reg. first quarter of 1877) and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 8 April 1877; died at St Thomas Street aged 4 months and buried at St Thomas’s Church on 29 November 1877
- Lily Allsworth: born in St Thomas’s, Oxford in 1877/8 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 9 June 1878
- Walter William Allsworth: born at the High Street, St Thomas Oxford on 6 June 1879 and baptised at St Frideswide's Church on 7 September
- Mary Elizabeth Allsworth: born in St Thomas’s, Oxford in c.October 1882; died at Ayer’s Yard aged three months and buried at St Thomas’s Church on 15 January 1882
- Amy Allsworth: born in St Thomas’s, Oxford in 1884 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 25 January 1885
At the time of the 1871 census Frederick’s parents had been married only two weeks and were living in their own home at 6 Rewley Place: his father Thomas was aged 21 and a bricklayer’s labourer, and his mother Sarah was 20. Their first child Charles was born the following year, and Frederick, who was their second child, was born in New Osney towards the end of 1873.
The 1881 census shows Frederick (7) as a schoolboy living at 3 Ayers Yard in the Hamel in St Thomas’s parish with his parents, his elder brother Charles (9), and his two younger siblings Lily (3), and Walter (1).
On 3 November 1890 when he was 17, Charles was passed fit for service in the militia (3rd Battalion of the Royal Berkshire Regiment). His enrolment papers give a description of him: he was 5′ 5″ tall, weighed 107 lbs, had a chest measurement of 31.32″, and had a sallow complexion, hazel eyes, and brown hair. Rather oddly, his religious denomination is recorded as Wesleyan.
At the time of the 1891 census Frederick (17) was still with his family at 3 Ayers Yard and was employed as a plumber’s labourer. His father Thomas (40) was still a bricklayer’s labourer; his mother Sarah (39) was now working as a washerwoman; and Lily (13), Walter (11), and Amy (6) were all still at school. Frederick’s older brother Charles (18) had already signed up for the army and spent census night at Cowley Barracks.
Frederick himself signed up with the army proper (again the Berkshire Regiment) on 8 June 1891 when he was 18 years and 7 months old. He had grown half an inch, and now weighed 119 lb. He had acquired a star and dot tattoo on his right forearm, and it was correctly recorded that he belonged to the Church of England. He served in the UK until 15 December 1893, and then in Bermuda until 1 December 1895. He was then in Halifax, Nova Scotia until 23 October 1897, in the West Indies to 18 November 1898, and in the UK until 1 December 1899. He then he fought in the South African War until 26 September 1902, being appointed Corporal on 16 November 1901 and Lance-Corporal on 5 September 1902. He served at home from 27 September 1902. His younger brother Walter had also joined the Royal Berkshire Regiment on 1 October 1897 when he was 18, and also served in South Africa.
Frederick’s parents were still living at Ayer’s Yard on 10 July 1897 when his sister Lily (19) married Harry Wilkins (20) at St Thomas’s Church, but by 1901 they were living at 11 Hollybush Row, St Aldate’s with their youngest daughter Amy (16), who was a machinist in a ladies’ underclothing factory, and their grandson Harry Allsworth (3). (Harry was probably the illegitimate son of Frederick’s sister Lily, in which case she would have given birth to him when she was 16.) Frederick’s father (51) was now a brewer’s labourer.
On 18 October 1902 (soon after he had returned with the army to serve in the UK) Frederick Joseph ALLSWORTH married Ellen Elizabeth THURSTON (born in Somers Town, London in 1875, reg. fourth quarter) at St Frideswide’s Church. He was then 29 and she was 26, and although both were described as being of 2 East Street, Frederick was probably only staying there prior to the wedding: at the time of the previous year’s census Ellen, who was working as a general servant, was living there with her family. Her father was an LNWR porter.
They had two sons:
- Frederick James T. Allsworth (born at 2 East Street, Osney on 7 August 1903 and baptised at St Frideswide’s Church on 27 September 1903)
- Reginald John Allsworth (born at 4 Earl Street, Osney near the end of 1905 and baptised at St Frideswide’s Church on 12 November 1905).
Frederick was discharged from the army on 7 June 1903, then re-enlisted into Section D of the Royal Berkshire Regiment for four years on 28 October 1903. He and Ellen were evidently still living with Ellen’s parents when their first son was born, but had moved to their own home at 4 Earl Street by 1905.
Meanwhile Frederick’s youngest sibling Amy Allsworth had three children at her parents’ home (11 Hollybush Row): Albert Edward Allsworth (born 1904/5, reg. first quarter of 1905); William Thomas Allsworth (born 5 February 1907 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 9 June 1907); and Florence Rose Allsworth (born in 1910, reg. third quarter, and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 4 September 1910).
Frederick’s father died at 11 Hollybush Row at the age of 59 and was buried at St Thomas’s Church on 30 September 1908.
Right: Frederick Joseph Allsworth (standing) and his brother Walter William Allsworth (seated). This photograph and the one of the gravestone below are reproduced by kind permission of Timothy Cox, great-nephew of Frederick Allsworth
At the time of the 1911 census Frederick Allsworth was working as a motor car washer in a garage, living at 4 Earl Street with his wife and two sons. Meanwhile his widowed mother Sarah (61) (who spelt her surname as Aldworth when she personally filled in her census form) was living at 11 Hollybush Row with her unmarried daughter Amy (27) who was working as a machinist; Amy’s three children Albert (6), William Thomas (4), and Florence Rose (under 1); and her other grandchild Harry (13), who was working as a printer’s machine boy. On Christmas Day that year Amy (27) married John Reginald Maizey (27) at St Thomas’s Church.
In the First World War Frederick Joseph Allsworth served as a Sergeant in the 1st Battalion of the Hampshire Regiment “A” Company (Service No. 16387).
He was killed in action in France at the age of 42 on 1 July 1916.
He was buried in the Redan Ridge Cemetery No 2, Beaumont-Hamel, France (Grave Reference A.18).
Allsworth was awarded the Military Medal (M.M.) for bravery in the field after his death: see Supplement to the London Gazette, 19 February 1917. He and another member of his regiment awarded the Military Medal, G. Mills, share a gravestone. The lower portion reads:
F. T. ALLSWORTH M.M.
1ST JULY 1916 AGE 42
PEACE PERFECT PEACE
Frederick Allsworth’s widowed mother
- Mrs Sarah ALLSWORTH died at the age of 65 at 11 Hollybush Row just a year after her son was killed, and her funeral was held at St Thomas’s Church on 27 July 1917.
Frederick Allsworth’s widow
- Mrs Ellen Elizabeth ALLSWORTH was still living at 4 Earl Street in 1936. She never remarried, and died at the age of 67 in 1943 (reg. third quarter in Abingdon district).
Frederick Allsworth’s children
- Frederick J. T. ALLSWORTH (born 1903) married Dorothy M. CARTER in the Oxford registration district in the third quarter of 1931. They had two children: Jeanette M. Allsworth (born in Oxford in 1932) and Graham F. Allsworth (born in the Abingdon district in 1940).
- Reginald John ALLSWORTH (born 1905) married Stella V. CHAPMAN in the Headington registration district in the first quarter of 1931. He was living at 484 Campbell Road, Cowley by 1935, and at 19 Henry Road, Cowley by 1945.