Poppy Arthur Edwin BRADSHAW (1882–1914) Poppy

Arthur Edwin Bradshaw was born in Plymouth on 20 March 1882, the youngest son of Alexander Frederick Bradshaw (born in London in 1834, the son of George Bradshaw) and Ellen Charlotte Ewart (born in Lucknow, India on 7 August 1845, the daughter of Colonel Richard Sheridan Ewart of the Bengal Army, and baptised there as Ella).

Arthur’s parents were married on 9 March 1864 at Umballa, Bengal and had ten children:

  • Frederick Ewart Bradshaw (born in Meerut, Bengal on 7 February 1865 and baptised there on 22 March 1865)
  • Elsie Margaret L. Bradshaw (born in the Punjab, India on 14 July 1866 and baptised at Kussowlie, Bengal on 6 September 1866)
  • Mary Frances Bradshaw (born on 5 May 1868 and baptised at Kussowlie, Bengal on 17 June 1868)
  • Lawrence Ames Bradshaw (born on 23 July 1869 and baptised at Simla-Calcutta, West Bengal on 12 October 1869; appears to have died young)
  • Martin Thesigor Bradshaw (born on 27 April 1871 and baptised at Simla-Calcutta, West Bengal on 4 July 1871; appears to have died young)
  • Charles Richard Bradshaw (born in Delhi on 18 January 1873 and baptised at Simla, Bengal on 21 March 1873)
  • Norah Napier Bradshaw (born in Simla and baptised at Simla-Calcutta, West Bengal on 21 June 1876)
  • Lucy Ellen Bradshaw (born in Simla, India in 1879/80 and baptised at Simla-Calcutta, West Bengal on 2 January 1880)
  • Arthur Edwin Bradshaw (born in Plymouth, Devon in 1882)
  • Susan Charlotte Bradshaw (born in Murree, India on 3 July 1888 and baptised at Murree, West Bengal on 17 August 1888).

Arthur’s father Alexander (16) had been an apprentice to William G. Shepherd, a surgeon of Clerkenwell, London, at the time of the 1851 census, and from 1857 served as an army surgeon. He was with the 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade through the whole of its service in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny; he was Chief Medical Officer with the Zhob Valley Expedition in 1884 (mentioned in despatches); and at the time of the 1888 Army list he was Deputy Surgeon General, stationed at Rawul Pindi, Bengal. He was also Honorary Physician to Queen Victoria, King Edward VII, and King George V.

The 1891 census shows Arthur as a boy of nine living at 4 Princes Buildings, The Paragon, Clifton, Bristol. His father was away, and his mother was acting as head of the household.

Arthur’s father Alexander Bradshaw retired in 1895, and from 1897 to 1900 was at Worcester College, Oxford. He came with his family to live at 111 Banbury Road in St Margaret’s parish, and was knighted in 1912.

Arthur was educated at Marlborough College, and then went to Sandhurst, where he is listed as a 19-year-old “gentleman cadet” in the 1901 census. He was gazetted Second Lieutenant in the Bedford Regiment on 8 May 1901, and transferred to the Indian Army on 19 December 1902. He was promoted to Lieutenant on 8 August 1903.

He then returned to England and went up to Worcester College, Oxford in 1906, and after obtaining his degree went back into the army. He was appointed Captain on 8 May 1910, and served as Adjutant of his regiment for several years, qualifying as a Second Class Interpreter in French.

Arthur’s parents were still at 111 Banbury Road at the time of the 1911 census, but Arthur (29) was probably serving abroad. His future wife was then living on her own at 30 Twyford Mansions in Marylebone.

In the fourth quarter of 1913 in the Paddington Registration District, Arthur Edwin Bradshaw married Florence M. Price (who called herself Florita). She was born in 1876 in Talcahuano, Chile, the daughter of Henry Ferrier Price and Florence Stoker Rogerson, and had Canadian nationality.

Bradshaw's grave

 

Poppy By 4 August 1914 Arthur Edwin Bradshaw was already serving as a Captain in the 14th Murray’s Jat Lancers of the Indian Army, and in the war was attached to the 15th (The King’s) Hussars) of the British Expeditionary Force. He was killed in action in France at Bout-del-Ville, near Estaires during a reconnaissance at the age of 32 on 13 October 1914. He is buried at the Vieille-Chapelle new Military Cemetery, Lacouture (VI.C.19).

 

Left: Photograph of A. E. Bradshaw’s grave in France, kindly supplied by British War Graves. The text reads:

[Emblem of the
14th Jat Rangers]

CAPTAIN
A. E. BRADSHAW
14TH JAT RANGERS
13TH OCTOBER 1914  AGE 32

AS DYING AND BEHOLD WE LIVE

This is one of the 40% of war graves that bears a personal message at the end (for which the family had to pay 3½d per letter).

Bradshaw’s death notice in The Times of 28 October 1914 reads:

BRADSHAW.—Killed in action on the 13th Oct., Captain Arthur Edwin Bradshaw, M.A., 14th Jat Lancers (attached to XV. Hussars), aged 32, youngest son of Surgeon-Major-General Sir Frederick Bradshaw, K.C.B., K.H.P., and Lady Bradshaw, Oxford.

His brief obituary in the same edition reads:

Captain Arthur Edwin Bradshaw, M.A., 14th Murray’s Jat Lancers (attached to the 15th Hussars) was killed in action on October 13. He was the youngest son of Surgeon Major-General Sir Frederick Bradshaw and Lady Bradshaw, of Oxford. Born in 1882, he got a commission in the Bedfordshire Regiment in 1901 and in the following year transferred to the Indian Army, in which he was promoted to captain in 1910. Captain Bradshaw was married.

Administration was granted in London to his widow, Florita Mary Bradshaw on 3 June 1915. He left £246 8s. 10d.

Arthur Bradshaw is remembered on the war memorial outside St Margaret’s Church in north Oxford; on the wall of the Memorial Hall at Marlborough College and in its Roll of Honour; and on a plaque inside Worcester College Chapel which unusually gives the years of matriculation rather than of death (below):

Memorial naming Bradshaw in Worcester College Chapel

During the war Arthur’s father Sir Alexander Bradshaw was Honorary Consulting Physician to the Military Hospitals in Oxford and Neighbourhood from 1916 to 1919. His brother Frederick Bradshaw, who had retired from the army in 1904, rejoined at the outbreak of war and was in action on the Somme commanding the Second Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters. He was wounded in the right leg by shellfire on 19 October 1917 in the lead-up to the Battle of Cambrai. He joined the 17th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment (“The Bantams”) on 24 December 1917 and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on 8 Jan 1918. He was wounded twice, and received the Distinguished Service Order, the 1914–15 Star, and the 1914–20 War Medal and Victory Medal, and was mentioned in dispatches twice on 4 January 1917 and 11 December 1917.


St Margaret's Church War Memorial

After the War

Arthur’s parents
  • Sir Alexander Frederick Bradshaw was knocked down by a car outside St Margaret’s Church on the occasion of the marriage of his youngest daughter Susan and died in Oxford a month later at the age of 88 on 27 September 1923. His funeral was held at St Margaret’s Church and his remains were cremated at Golders Green.
  • Lady Bradshaw remained at 111 Banbury Road as a widow until her death at the age of 81 near the end of 1926.
Arthur’s brothers
  • Frederick Ewart Bradshaw (born 1865) had married Gwendolen Keith-Falconer (a widow) on 15 December 1894 in Simla, Bengal, and they had two daughters: Mary Aline (born in Oxford, birth registered second quarter of 1896) and Cicely Gladys (born in Jullundur, India in c.1901). A Cicely G. Bradshaw married Cecil J. J. T. Barton at St George’s, Hanover Square in the second quarter of 1926. Frederick remained in the army after the war and rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.
  • Charles Richard Bradshaw (born 1873) married Mary Constance Landon on 25 October 1895 at the Cathedral, Maharashtra, India, and they had two sons and one daughter. Charles remained in the the army after the war, rising to the rank of Brigadier-General. He was awarded the CBE in 1922 and the CB in 1926. He died on 30 August 1940.
Arthur’s sisters
  • Elsie Margaret Bradshaw (born c.1867) married Gerald Ponsonby Lenox-Conynham at Rawal Pindi, West Bengal, on 15 November 1890. Her husband, who became Reader in Geodesy at the University of Cambridge and was later knighted, died in Cambridge at the age of 90 on 27 October 1956. Elsie died in Cambridge in 1959. Their daughter, Enid Elsie Conynham (born on 3 July 1892) was an undergraduate at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford from 1910 to 1913 and was awarded her M.A. in 1923: she died at the age of 100 on 13 April 1993.
  • Mary Frances Bradshaw married Wilfred Graham Moon on 1 March 1892 at Rawal Pindi, Bengal.
  • Norah Napier Bradshaw (born 1876) married the military officer Cecil Henry Kekewich (33) on 6 September 1899 at Mussoorie, Bengal.
  • Lucy Ellen Bradshaw (born 1879/80) married the papyrologist Professor Arthur Surridge Hunt (1871–1934) in Oxford in the first quarter of 1918, and they lived at 6 Chadlington Road. Lucy died in 1959.
  • Susan Charlotte Bradshaw (born 1888) married a widower, retired Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart Gordon (50) at St Margaret’s Church on 30 August 1923 when she was 35.
Arthur’s widow
  • Mrs Florita M. Bradshaw appears to have returned to her home in Quebec, Canada soon after the war.

See also


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