Poppy Kenneth Irvine Thomson MORLAND (1884–1916) Poppy

Kenneth Irvine Thomson Morland was born in Abingdon (then in Berkshire) in 1884, the son of Edward Morland (born in Wootton, near Woodstock, registered in the first quarter of 1842) and Ethel Florence Thomson (born at the Cape of Good Hope in c.1859). His parents were married in the Kensington Registration District in the third quarter of 1881 and had five children:

  • Walter Edward Thomson Morland (born at Ock Lea, Abingdon on 27 June 1882, baptised at St Helen’s Church on 17 August 1882)
  • Kenneth Irvine Thomson Morland (born at Ock Lea, Abingdon; privately baptised on 24 April 1884 and received into St Helen’s Church on 27 June 1884)
  • Edna Margaritha Morland (born at Ock Lea, Abingdon on 22 May 1885 and baptised at St Helen’s Church on 2 June 1885)
  • Phyllis Mary Thornhill Morland (born at The Abbey, Abingdon and baptised at St Helen’s Church on 7 April 1888)
  • Denys Max Thomson Morland (born at The Abbey, Abingdon on 13 August 1892 and baptised at St Helen’s Church on 12 September 1892).

Kenneth’s father, Edward Morland, was the Managing Director of Morland Breweries. At the start of his marriage he lived at Ock Lea, Abingdon, the old brewer’s house that had belonged to the former Eagle Brewery; but between 1885 and 1888 the family moved to The Abbey in Abingdon.

At the time of the 1891 census Kenneth’s father was also a Justice of the Peace for Berkshire, and was living with his family at The Abbey with six servants (a cook, nurse, parlourmaid, kitchenmaid, and two housemaids). Kenneth was then six years old.

Kenneth’s father died at the age of 52 in the third quarter of 1894 in the Wantage Registration District.

Kenneth was educated at The Grange in Folkestone and then at Haileybury, where he was boarding at the time of the 1901 census at the age of 16. His family home was then at West Ilsley House, where his widowed mother spent census night with three of her children and no fewer than seven servants (a governess, cook, nurse, parlour maid, housemaid, kitchenmaid, and garden boy).

Two years later in 1903 Kenneth left Haileybury and went up to Oriel College, Oxford, where he obtained his degree.

From 1908 to 1915 Kenneth worked as a tea planter in Ceylon, so he was away at the time of the 1911 census. His widowed mother was then living in Cheltenham Road, Painswick with her daughter Phyllis and her unmarried sisters Yda and Elsie Thompson, plus five servants.

In about 1917 Kenneth’s mother moved to Staverton House, 104 Woodstock Road in St Margaret’s parish (which until then had been the home of the Bridson family, who lost two sons in the war).

Poppy In the First World War Kenneth Irvine Thomson Morland enlisted in 1915 and served as a Second Lieutenant in the 6th Battalion of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. He was killed in action near Guillemont in France at the age of 32 on 3 September 1916, and is buried at the Guillemont Road Cemetery (Sp.Mem.3). His family paid for the additional inscription A MAN GREATLY BELOVED / JESU MERCY on his headstone.

He is remembered on the war memorial outside St Margaret’s Church in north Oxford; on the memorial in Holy Trinity Church, Hawley Hampshire; and on the roll of honour of Oriel College (below).

Morland in Oriel College

He was also added as an afterthought on the memorial in St Helen's Church, Abingdon (below), but is not on the town war memorial.

Morland on St Helen's Church memorial

Administration was granted in London to his widowed mother, Ethel Florence Morland, on 22 February 1917. He left £2,234 18s. 10d.

His obituary in the Oxford Chronicle of 22 September 1916 is shown below:

Obituary of Kenneth Morland


St Margaret's Church War Memorial

After the War

Kenneth’s widowed mother
  • Mrs Ethel Florence Morland continued to live as a widow with her unmarried daughters at Staverton House, 104 Woodstock Road, Oxford until at least 1949. The Misses Morland were listed there in Kelly’s Directory for 1952 only.
Kenneth’s younger brother
  • Denys Max T. Morland (born 1892) married Stella M. Pearce in the first quarter of 1916 in the Chesterton Registration District (Cambridgeshire), and they had three sons: Benjamin Morland (born 1919), Timothy Morland (born 1926), and Joseph Morland (born 1937).

See also


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