Poppy Nathaniel ROBINSON (1877–1918) Poppy

Walter Robinson

Nathaniel Robinson was born in Wolvercote in 1877, the son of William Henry Robinson (born in Woodstock in c.1850) and his wife Emily Read (born in Oxford in c.1851).

William Henry Robinson’s family had moved to Summertown by 1859, and the 1861 census shows them living at Swan Yard off the Woodstock Road: his father was an agricultural labourer and his mother a laundress. Meanwhile Emily’s family were living in The Hamel, St Thomas’s, Oxford, and her father was a labourer.

At the time of the 1871 census Emily Read (19) was a servant, staying as a “visitor” (not a lodger) at the “Common Lodging House” in the Hamel, run by the Wheeler family. It is possible that she was pregnant, in which case her eldest child may have been Albert Robinson (born in Oxford in the second quarter of 1872 and died there in the first quarter of 1873). In any event, she certainly had an illegitimate child the following year:

  • William Leonard Read, later known as Robinson (born on 26 February 1873 in the Hamel and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 13 April 1873).

On 3 April 1875 William Henry Robinson married Emily Read in New Osney, Oxford, and acknowledged William as his child. They evidently moved up to Wolvercote around the time of their wedding. According to the 1911 census they had eleven children altogether, two of whom were dead by the time of the census. Their other nine children were as follows:

  • Hannah Robinson (born in Wolvercote on 22 May 1875, baptised there on 8 August 1875)
  • Nathaniel Robinson (born in Wolvercote on 14 September 1877, baptised there on 12 October 1877)
  • Kate Robinson (born in Wolvercote on 3 July 1880, baptised there on 17 September 1880)
  • Moses Robinson (born in Wolvercote on 18 February 1883, baptised there on 29 July 1883)
  • George Robinson (born in Wolvercote on 5 December 1885, baptised there on 7 February 1886)
  • Rosina Robinson (born in Oxford on 4 October 1888, baptised at SS Philip & James’s Church on 8 November 1888)
  • John Robinson (born at 7 Hayfield Road on 28 October 1891, baptised privately via SS Philip & James’s Church the next day, died at the age of two days and buried on 2 November)
  • Elizabeth Robinson (born in Oxford, baptised at SS Philip & James’s Church on 15 January 1893)
  • Henry (Harry) Robinson (born in Oxford on 24 October 1895, baptised at SS Philip & James’s Church on 8 December 1895).

Nathaniel’s parents were still in Wolvercote at the time of the 1881 census: Nathaniel’s father was then a general labourer at the gasworks, and living at the White Hart, Wolvercote with his wife and his first four children, including Nathaniel (3).

By November 1888 the family had moved back to Oxford and were living at 7 Hayfield Road (then in SS Philip & James’s parish, but in St Margaret’s parish from 1896). They were there at the time of the 1891 census when Nathaniel (13) was working as an errand boy, and his father was a gas stoker.

By 1895 Nathaniel’s father was working as a lamplighter for the gas company. At the time of the 1901 census Nathaniel (23) was a grocer’s porter, still living with his parents at 7 Hayfield Road. Ten years later in 1911 he was still unmarried and living with his parents at the age of 33: he was still a grocer’s porter and his father was still a lamplighter.

Poppy In the First World War Nathaniel Robinson served as a Private in the 5th Battalion of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Service No. 22972). He was killed in action in France at the age of about 40 on 21 March 1918, and has no known grave. He is remembered on the Pozières Memorial (Panel 50 and 51) (below), and on the war memorial outside St Margaret’s Church in north Oxford.

Nathaniel Robinson

Nathaniel Robinson is the second cousin of Walter Robinson, who is listed next to him on the St Margaret’s memorial.


St Margaret's Church War Memorial

After the War

Nathaniel’s parents
  • William Henry Robinson moved with his wife to 61 Hayfield Road after the war. He died there on 1 April 1931 and the age of 81, and his wife Emily Robinson died the next day (age given as 78, but probably also 81).
Nathaniel’s siblings
  • William Leonard Read Robinson married Emily Alice Adelaide Watson and they had two children. He died on 3 March 1930 at Oxford.
  • Hannah Robinson did not marry. She died at the Cowley Road Hospital on 21 December 1955.
  • Moses Robinson married Eliza Harris. He died in 1956 in Oxford.
  • George Robinson married Mildred Nellie Lord. He died on 24 May 1962.
  • Rosina Robinson had a son outside marriage in 1908 then married Francis Frederick Ash, and they had one son. Rosina died on 29 February 1976
  • Elizabeth Robinson did not marry, and died in Oxford in 1982.
  • Henry Robinson married Sarah Freestone. He died in Leicestershire on 23 February 1972.

See also


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