31 and 31A Holywell Street

31 Holywell Street

Grade II Listed Building: List Entry Number 1369379. An early eighteenth-century house since modernized.

Owned by Wadham College.

In 1851 the door to the left of this house led to Brasenose College stable, and a coachman lived over the stable. By 1861 the accommodation in the yard was numbered 31A and let out to a laundress, but a coachman lived there again in 1891 and 1901.

Mrs Sarah Brazier, who lived at No. 31 at the time of the 1861 census, was the widow of the wine merchant Charles Tyson Brazier, who had a wine shop here in the 1840s.

By the end of 1861 there was a school in this building. Jackson’s Oxford Journal for 28 December 1861 has the following advertisement:

Establishment for Young Ladies
The Misses BRANSCOMBE and PAGE take the present opportunity of informing their friends and the public that they have removed to more commodious Premises at No. 31, HOLYWELL STREET, which will afford their Pupils the advantage of an exceedingly healthy locality, with a [p]lay-ground contiguous to the Parks. Great care is taken to impart a thorough English Education, and every attention is paid to the health, morals, and comfort of the Pupils.
Music, Instrumental and Vocal, taught in modern style; French, German, and Italian; Drawing and Painting, in water-colours. In the latter departments, they are assisted by talented Masters.
References kindly permitted to the Parents of Pupils, several of whom are of five and six years’ standing. — Prospectuses will be forwarded on application.

By 26 April 1862, Misses Branscombe and Page advertised this school as the “Vine House Establishment”.

31 and 31A Holywell Street in the censuses


The 1841 census for Holywell does not give house numbers, but it is possible to deduce where people listed that year lived by examining directory entries between 1839 and 1842 and later censuses

[Probably in house in yard, 31A]
Moses Brooks
(40), a dairyman, lived here with Ann (35) and Ann Clara (15), Catherine (13), Clara (15), Frederick (11), Emily (9), Miriam (7), Louisa (5), Francis (3), Martha (1), and a one-month-old boy. Two young men and a girl lived with them.


No. 31
Ann White
(63), a widowed Gentlemen’s Lodging House Keeper, lived here with two servants and two Oxford graduates.

”Brasenose College Stable in No. 31 yard”
Michael Poulter
(46), Gentleman Coachman, lived here with his wife Elizabeth (45) and their sons George (13) and William (10)


Sarah E. Brazier (41), a widowed lodging house keeper, lived here with her children Catherine (15), Florence (14), Esther (11), Charles (10), Emily (8), Albert (5), and John (2). She had one female servant.


No. 31
Mrs Louise Hooper (58), a lodging house keeper, lived here with her children Louisa (32) Thomas (30), who was a college cook, Julian (7), who was a clerk, and Harriet (18). They had no servants.

No. 31A
Mrs Sarah Newman (55), a widowed laundress, lived here with her sons Thomas (20), George (18), and Henry (16), who were all college servants, and Charles (14), who was a shop boy, Edward (13), described as a helper, and Robert (10).


No. 31: George Vincent (49), a college porter, lived here with his wife Jane (42) and his daughters Adelaide (16, a pupil teacher) and Louisa (13).

No. 31A: Sarah Newman (65), a retired laundress, with her son Henry (26), described as “formerly college bedmaker”, and Edward (23), who was a “common room man’s assistant”.


No. 31:Jane Vincent (49), a widowed lodging house keeper, lived here with her daughters Adelaide (26), who was an elementary certificated teacher, and Louisa (23).

No. 31A: William E. Greening (25), a coachman, lived here with his wife Selina (28) and their children William (2) and Muriel (ten months).


No. 31:Jane Vincent (60), was still a lodging house keeper here, living with her unmarried daughters Adelaide (36), who was still a teacher, and Louisa (33), who was engaged in home duties.

No. 31A: James Moss (42), a domestic coachman, lived here with his wife Emma (47).


No listing.

Occupants of 31 Holywell Street listed in directories etc.

Survey of Oxford

Frontage: 9 yds 0 ft 6 in
Mr Rawlins


Moses Brooks, Dairyman

Mrs Ann White, Gents’ Lodging house keeper, in 1851 census)

To early 1861

Mrs Sarah E. Brazier, Lodging house keeper

(Directory says Mrs Prior)

From December 1861

The Misses Branscombe & Page’s School for Young Ladies


Henry Hooper
Mrs Hooper by 1871


George Vincent
College porter

Mrs Jane Vincent (by 1884)
University lodgings


Ernest William Ainley Walker, D.M.
Tutor of University College


Sir Thomas Raleigh
Fellow & Dean of All Souls College


Edward Maurice Besley


Frederic Wolff Ogilvie
Fellow of Trinity College


John G. Barrington-Ward, M.A.
Student, Tutor, & Librarian, Christ Church


Revd Geoffrey Francis Allen, M.A.
Fellow & chaplain of Lincoln College


Patrick Mallam, M.D., M.R.C.P.,
Consultant physician


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