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Roger Taylor (d. 1578)

Mayor of Oxford 1563/4, 1569/70, and 1574/5


Roger Taylor (or Tailor/Taillor/Tayler//Tayller/Tailior/Taylour) was an Oxford grazier. In 1554 Anthony Wood records him as “Roger Taylour alias Cooke”.

Taylor held Walton Farm, at least five houses in Oxford, a brew-house and land in the Greyfriars, and other properties in Kidlington and Maidenhead. He had to pay £7 2s. 4d. towards the subsidy of 1543, and £5 0s. 10d. in 1544, when he was described as living in the North East ward.

Roger Taylor came on to the Common Council in October 1547. In June 1552 he was appointed with five others to oversee Port Meadow, and was elected Senior Chamberlain the following September and Junior Bailiff in September 1554. It was agreed at a council meeting held on 28 October 1554 that:

Roger Tayler shall ryde to London to pursue and sue forthe the partyculers for the londs to Mr. Camswell, that ys to wete, Lytlemore and Cassyngton, and to do further as my lord Wyllyams shall advyse hym for the pryce and assuraunce.

On 7 January 1558/9 Roger Taylor was elected Member of Parliament for Oxford.

On 20 August 1560 Taylor was chosen to be one of the eight Mayor’s Assistants.

In 1561 the council minutes read:

The same day [4 September] Mr. Roger Tailler had leve to fetche earthe from Portmaneyte [Port Meadow]
to mend his mounds of Crypley.

Taylor was elected Mayor of Oxford for the first time in September 1563 (for 1563/4).

In April 1568 he paid ten shillings for the lottery in the “suburbs”. He was probably then living in St Mary Magdalen parish, as he was certainly there in the 1580s: it lay outside the city wall, so was then considered to be suburban.

In September 1569, when Roger Taylor was elected Mayor a second time (for 1569/70), he was described as “gent.”

Taylor was elected Mayor a third time in September 1574 (for 1574/5). In 1575 William Noble addressed articles of complaint to the Privy Council against Taylor and three others

ffor that they have not donne their dewtyes to the Qwenes Maiesty, and to the comon welth, accordinge to the trust to them commytted by the Qwenes mats auctorytye of commyssion of her highnes peace.

The incidents in question took place in 1573/4, when various alleged felons were not punished.

On 1 November 1576 Taylor took on Thomas Pawling as an apprentice grazier.

On 31 July 1578 Taylor was made an Alderman.

† Alderman Roger Taylor died later in 1578. He desired that he should be buried in St Mary Magdalen Church, but the register for that year is missing.

In his will he names his wife Elizabeth and his four married daughters Ursula Almont, Elizabeth Robinson, Mary Ladyman, and Ann Clarke. Ursula was the wife of James Almont, Mayor of Oxford in 1588/9.


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©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 23 September, 2018

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