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Latin names of privileged tradesmen of Oxford


The occupations and trades of privilegiati are usually given in Latin in Alumni Oxonienses. Here is a translation:

  • Aedificator: Builder
  • Architypographus: Architypographer, or superintendent of printing office
  • Armiger: Esquire
  • Artis Peritus: One skilled in art, an artist
  • Assecia (= Adsecula): Steward (e.g. Coll. Div. Joan. Bapt. Assecia, Attendant at St John’s College)
  • Alchymista: Apothecary
  • Apothecarius: Apothecary
  • Attornatus: Attorney
  • Auriga: Coachman
  • Automatarius: Maker of automatic machines, esp. timepieces
  • Bedellus: Bedel (University of Oxford spelling of “Beadle”)
  • Bibliopegus or Bibliopega: Bookbinder
  • Bibliopola: Bookseller
  • Brasiator: Brewer
  • Cæmentarius: Stonemason; but can also mean Plasterer or Pargeter
  • Calcographus (Calcog.): Printer or engraver
  • Carbonarius: Charcoal Burner
  • Caupo: Shopkeeper
  • Cervisiae (for Cerevisiae) Coctor: Brewer
  • Chemicus: Chemist
  • Chirurgus/Chyrurgius: Physician
  • Chirurgus veterinarius: Veterinary Surgeon
  • Clericus: Clerk
  • Confectionarius: Confectioner
  • Coquus: Cook
  • Edituus: Sacrist
  • Eleemosynarius: Someone given a job out of pity [?a type of servitor]
  • Ephippiorum [Opifex]: Saddler
  • Faber ferrarius: Blacksmith
  • Faber lignarius: Carpenter
  • Famulus: Servant
  • Fict. et vitr. [= Fictiliorum et vitreorum] venditor: Seller of earthenware and glass
  • Fusor litterarum: ?Type founder
  • Glutinator: Bookbinder
  • Herb. [= Herbarum] linent [?] et arom. [= aromarum] venditor: Seller of herbs [?] and spices
  • Horologiorum fabricator: Clock-maker
  • Hortulanus: Gardener
  • Hypobibliothecarius Bodleianus: Bodley’s Sub-Librarian
  • Illuminator: Hand-colourer of books
  • Instrumentorum math. [=mathematicorum] opifex: Maker of mathematical instruments
  • Instrumentum musicorum fabricator et venditor: Maker and seller of musical instruments
  • Janitor: Porter (e.g. Janitor bibliothecae Bodleianae, Porter of the Bodleian Library, etc.)
  • Lapicida, Lapidarius: Lapidary or cutter of gemstones
  • Lixa: Victualler
  • Mandatarius: Mandatory (e.g. Mandatarius deputatus in Curia Dni Cancellarii, Deputy Mandatory in the Vice-Chancellor’s Court)
  • Medicus: Physician
  • Mercator: Dealer
  • Min. (= Minister): Servant
  • Musicae Supellectilis Venditor: Seller of musical instruments
  • Musicus: Musician
  • Myropola: Perfumer
  • Obsonator: Caterer
  • Orchestes: Dancer
  • Organarius: Organist
  • Organorum Pulsator: Organ-player (lit. “Striker of organs”)
  • Ostrearius et Plerum Venditor: Oyster-catcher and for the most part a vendor
  • Parturientibus opem ferrens: Bringer of medical help to women in labour
  • Pergamenarius: Parchment-maker
  • Pharmacopola: Apothecary
  • Pictor: Painter
  • Pilcorum Opifex: Maker of pilchers (leather garments)?? (Term also found in Alumni Dublinenses)
  • Pistor: Baker
  • Pomarius: Fruiterer
  • Plumbarius: Plumber (= Worker in lead)
  • Pomarius: Fruiterer
  • Preceptor or Praeceptor: Teacher (e.g. Linguae Galliae et Italiae Praeceptor: Teacher of French and Italian)
  • Preli Clarendoniani Procurator: Superintendent of the Clarendon Press
  • Procurator: Superintendent
  • Promus: Butler
  • Pullarius: Keeper of chickens
  • Rerum conditarum venditor: Seller of preserves
  • Rhedarum Constructor: Maker of carriages
  • Saltandi Magister: Dancing-master
  • Saltuarius: Keeper of the woods
  • Sartor: Tailor
  • Scriba: Clerk (e.g. Scriba registrario Universitatis Oxon, Clerk to the Registrar of the University of Oxford)
  • Scriptor: Engraver
  • Sculptor in aere: Sculptor in bronze
  • Serviens: Servant
  • Sportulanus: Probably mistranscription of Sportularius, Basket-maker
  • Stationarius: Stationer
  • Supellectilis fabricator: Furniture-maker
  • Supellectilis venditor: Furniture-seller
  • Sutor: Shoemaker
  • Symphoniacis: Choirmaster
  • Tabaci venditor: Tobacconist
  • Tabellarius: Letter carrier
  • Tegularius: Roofer
  • Tibialium Mercator: Dealer in stockings
  • Tonsor: Barber
  • Tupotheta or Typotheta: Printer
  • Typographus: Printer
  • Universitatis Clericus (or cler. Univ.): Clerk of the University
  • Vespillo: Undertaker
  • Virgefer or Virgifer: Mace-bearer
  • Vitrarius: Glazier
  • Virgifer: Verger (who carried a symbol of office before the dignitaries of the University)

The Latin names for some other occupations

  • Agricola: Farmer
  • Alutarius: Tanner
  • Archdiaconus: Archdeacon
  • Architectus: Architect
  • Argentarius: Banker
  • Aromatarius: Grocer
  • Aromatopola: Grocer
  • Aurifaber: Goldsmith
  • Aurifex: Goldsmith
  • Baro: Baron
  • Baro fisci: Baron of the Exchequer
  • Caedis Quaesitor: Coroner
  • Calcearius: Shoemaker
  • Caligarius: Hosier
  • Cancellarius: Chancellor
  • Capitaneus: Captain
  • Caupo:Innkeeper
  • Causidicus: Barrister
  • Centurio: Officer
  • Cervisarius: Alehouse-keeper
  • Chartae Faber: Papermaker
  • Chirothecarius: Glover
  • Choriator: Surveyor
  • Clericus: Clergyman
  • Colonus: Farmer
  • Comes: Earl
  • Consilarius: Counsellor
  • Coriarius: Currier
  • Custos Pacis: Clerk of the Peace
  • Decanus: Dean
  • Distillator Distiller
  • Dux: Captain
  • Episcopus: Bishop
  • Eques or Eques Auratus Knight (Sir)
  • Exactor Tributi: Tax Collector
  • Faber: Smith
  • Fenerator: Moneylender
  • Gemmarius: Jeweller
  • Generosus: Gentleman
  • Jurisconsultus: Lawyer
  • Jurisperitus: Lawyer
  • Lanarius: Woollen Draper
  • Lanius: Butcher
  • Lintearius: Linen Draper
  • Litium Procurator: Solicitor
  • Ludi magister: Schoolmaster
  • Mandatarius deputatus in Curia Domini [Dni] Cancellarii: Deputy Mandatory of the Vice Chancellor’s Court
  • Mercator: Merchant
  • Miles: Soldier
  • Militum Praefectus: Military Officer
  • Molitor: Builder
  • Naupegus: Shipbuilder
  • Nauta: Sailor
  • Navarchus: Captain of a ship
  • Navis Praefectus: Master Mariner
  • Negotiator: Agent
  • Nummularius: Banker
  • Oenopola: Vintner
  • Olitor: Market Gardener
  • Paedogogus: Schoolmaster
  • Pannarius: Draper
  • Pannifex: Clothier
  • Papyri Fabricator: Papermaker
  • Pistor: Miller
  • Portitor: Carrier
  • Potifex: Brewer
  • Pragmaticus: Solicitor
  • Privatus: Private gentleman
  • Publicanus: Tax Collector
  • Registrarius: Registrar
  • Scriba Aerarius: Bank Clerk
  • Senator Urbanus: Alderman
  • Tabernarius: Shopkeeper
  • Tapetiarius: Carpet-maker
  • Telonarius: Tax Collector
  • Textor: Weaver
  • Theologus: Preacher
  • Trapezita: Banker
  • Tribunus Miles: Captain in the Army
  • Vectigalis Collector: Tax gatherer
  • Vicecomes: Viscount
  • Villicus: Steward
  • Vinarius: Vintner
  • Vini Mercator: Wine Merchant

More useful Latin words here and here and here

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 27 February, 2020

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