CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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6–7 Cornmarket Street: Kiehl's/Change Money/Starbuck's


6-7 Cornmarket in 2009

No. 6 Cornmarket (right) and No. 7 (left) were rebuilt in 1907 and designed by John R. Wilkins. The offices upstairs are called Marlborough Chambers.

These shops were in the parish of St Martin's (Carfax) until that church was demolished in 1896, whereafter they were in the parish of St Martin's & All Saints until All Saints Church was deconsecrated in 1971. They are now in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate.

Former buildings on this site (to 1908)

No. 6 to the south (originally the wider of the two shops) had already been a tailor’s shop for many years when in the mid-1880s Arthur Shepherd moved his tailor’s business here from across the road at 62 Cornmarket Street (where he had been since 1877). Jackson's Oxford Journal of 16 October 1886 reports on the plate-glass front inserted by Shepherd.

No. 7 (originally a much narrower shop to the north) was a low half-timbered building prior to the 1840s:

  • Drawing showing the pre-1840s No. 7 The main part of the drawing primarily shows the Roebuck Inn at No. 8 to the north, but the small half-timbered house on the right is the former No. 7

By 1841 No. 7 was a toy and fancy goods shop run by Frederick Rose and later by the Goodalls, that by 1851 was known as the Civet Cat. In 1903 the shop pioneered the gramophone in Oxford.

In 1907 Arthur Shepherd, the tailor at No. 6, also acquired No. 7 and had them demolished and rebuilt. Henry Taunt photographed them just before demolition:

  • Nos. 6 & 7 in 1907, by Henry Taunt, showing the entrance to the Golden Cross at No. 5 on the right, then Goodall & Sherratt in the former No. 6, and the Civet Cat with its name high across the front at No.  7 to the left. This photograph also appears in Michael L. Turner and David Vaisey, Oxford Shops and Shopping, page 43, photograph 93.
Present building (from 1908)

Arthur Shepherd moved temporarily to 109 High Street while he had the two shops rebuilt, and in 1908 moved into No. 7, the larger of the two shops. In 1929 he amalgamated his business with that of Mr Wilton Woodward who was then operating at 110 High Street, forming Shepherd & Woodward.

In 1955 Boots the Chemist moved into Shepherd’s former shop, and remained there until 1972, when they moved into the former Roebuck Inn at 8–10 Cornmarket.

Occupants of 6 and 7 Cornmarket Street listed in directories etc.

Date

No. 7 (left) No. 6 (right)

1839

William Preedy, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Cheesemongery & Provision Dealer

Joseph Prior
Tailor (1839-1852)

 

Prior & Son
Tailors and Robemakers (1867–1872)

 

Robert Prior
Tailor & Robe maker (1880–1881)

1841–1861

Frederick Rose, Fancy Repository
(+ Roebuck Coach Office in 1846)

1867

T. P. Rose
Fancy Repository, Soap Maker, and Perfumer

1872–1881

The Civet Cat
and T. P. Rose, Fancy Repository
later Rose & Stringer, Fancy Repository

1890–1907

Mrs Louisa Sophia Goodall
Fancy repository & toy warehouse
later Goodall & Sherratt (Civic Cat)

Arthur Shepherd, Tailor

Upstairs: J. R. Mallam & Son, Auctioneers;
J. Stewart Mallam, Chartered Accountants;
RSPCA

Rebuilt c.1907. Numerous additional offices were listed in Marlborough Chambers upstairs

1908

Arthur Shepherd
Tailor

Goodall & Sherratt, Fancy repository

1909–1930

James Smith & Sons, Dyers

Stevens & Co. (later Steveco), Coal merchants (to 1952)

1932–1947

Boots Cash Chemist

1952

James Smith & Sons, Dyers

Dental surgery

1952–1973

Boots The Chemist

1973–1976

No listing

No listing

  6A 6 7

2001–c.2015

Argenteus

Starbucks Coffee

West Cornwall Pasty Co

2015–present

Change Money

Kiehl's

6 & 7 Cornmarket Street in the censuses

1841

No. 6: Joseph Prior (30), a tailor, lived here over his shop with Elizabeth (25), Joseph (6), Robert (5), Ann (3), Elizabeth (2), and Thomas (seven months). They had three female servants.

No. 7: identification uncertain. Possibly the cook James Grove (40) listed after Joseph Prior above, who lived in Cornmarket with Mary (40) and Charles (15) and had three servants.

1851

No. 6: James Cooper (68) a tailor’s foreman, lived here with his wife Mary (60) and his son James (31), who was also a tailor, and James's wife Elizabeth (25) and daughter Alice (eleven months). They had one general servant.

No. 7 (described as the “Civet Cat”): Frederick Rose (41), an unmarried jeweller and cutler, and his brother Thomas lived here with their sister Eliza (38), who acted as their housekeeper. They had one general servant, and three students were lodging with them.

1861

No. 6: Robert Prior (25), an unmarried tailor who employed 18 men, lived here with his sister Anne (23), who kept house for him. He also had one general servant, and his foreman, a widower of 68, also lived over the shop.

No. 7: Frederick Rose (50), a widowed toilet soap maker “&c” (described as “cabinet case makers, cutlers, jewellers & perfumers” in the PO Directory of 1841), lived here over his shop with his son Alfred (10), his daughter Mary (8), and his sister Eliza (45), who was his housekeeper. They had one house servant, and also living in the house was one of the assistants who worked in the shop, William Crake (24).

1871

No. 6: Robert Prior, tailor, still lived over the shop, but on census night only his children Ethel (5) and Ernest (3) were at home, looked after by their cook and nursemaid.

No. 7: Thomas P. Rose, a dealer in fancy goods, lived here with his wife Eliza (32) and his niece Emma Roberts (11). He had one servant, and an assistant in his shop lodged with him.

1881

No. 6: Robert Prior (44), a tailor who employed 14 men, lived over his shop with his wife Emma (38) and their three daughters: Ethel (15), Maud (8), and Annie (6). They had a cook and a housemaid.

No. 7: Thomas Stringer (30), a fancy warehouseman who was now a partner in Rose & Stringer, lived here over his shop with his wife Elizabeth (25) and son Albert (2), and one servant. Also living with them was Annie Hall (38), an assistant at the fancy warehouse.

1891

No. 6: Arthur Shepherd (57), a tailor & robe maker, lived here over his shop with his wife Sarah (46) and his son Ernest (25), who was his assistant. They had one general servant.

No. 7: Louisa Goodall (50), the widowed proprietress of the fancy depository downstairs, lived here with her children Mary (18), who was her assistant, Ellen (16), and George (14). Another assistant was boarding with them, and they had two general servants.

1901

No. 6: Described as a clothier's shop and auctioneer's office, uninhabited but in occupation.

No. 7: John Sherratt (28), a toy & fancy warehouseman and a partner in Goodall & Sherratt, lived here over his shop with his wife Mary (28) and their children John (2) and Constance (1), plus his mother-in-law Louise Goodall (61) and his brother-in-law George Goodall (23), also described as a toy & fancy warehouseman.

Rebuilt in c.1907
1911

No listing for either shop.

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