CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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21 Cornmarket (site of former White Hart Inn)


North end of Next

Above: This photograph, taken in 2009, shows the building (now occupied by the north half of “Next”) that replace the 1901 building when Northgate House (the former Marks & Spencer at 13–20) was built in 1963.

Below: The former White Hart Inn at 21 Cornmarket is the tall building on the right with BUOLS on its roof

Cornmarket, with Clarendon Hotel on left

White Hart

Right: The White Hart in the 1890s

 

This pub was called the Globe from 1657 until the late seventeenth century. It was known as the White Hart & Greyhound in 1823, and variously by that name or the White Hart Inn by 1839. In the 1841 census it is called the Greyhound, but from 1846 it is always simply the White Hart.

In 1696 John Meadford paid tax on nine windows on a building in St Michael’s parish, which is likely to be the White Hart.

In 1772 a survey of every house in the city was taken in consequence of the Mileways Act of 1771. According to Salter, 21 Cornmarket was then in the occupation of Mr Brown, and had a frontage of exactly 10 yards.

The White Hart pub closed down in about 1900 and was demolished.

It was replaced by a restaurant rebuilt by Stephen Salter in 1901 for John Buol, who advertised his new premises as “the very finest dining hotel and restaurant in the city”. It had a coffee and tea saloon and a dining room where dancing could take place, and another dining room on the second floor. The earlier Buol’s restaurant which opened in 1893 at 15 Broad Street continued to run in parallel with this one.

In 1919 it ceased to be a hotel, and became the Dujon Restaurant (owned by Dudeney & Johnston Limited, a chain of grocers and caterers).


From the Oxford Police Occurrence Book, Saturday 12 August 1871
Recorded by G. Bennett, Inspector

PC 32 Alfred Purnell reports Elizabeth Luker, Landlady of the White Hart P.H., Corn Market Street, for leaving a Cab without a Horse standing in front of the above house for 25 minutes (viz.) from 10.10 till 10.35 a.m. on Saturday the 12th inst.

Mrs Luker has on several occasions lately been cautioned as to the before mentioned Cab being left standing in front of her house without a Horse. – Complaint of the same has also been made to the Police by an inhabitant living close by, but who does not wish to attend before the Magistrates as Witness.


In the Censuses

1841

John Walker (35) is the inn-keeper at the “Greyhound Inn”, and he lives there with Margaret (4), Mary Anne (20), Margaret (15), and Eliza (12). There are five servants (three female and two male) and two guests.

1851

William Manning (46, and born in Middleton Stoney) is the innkeeper here, and the pub is not named. He lives with his wife Sarah (36) and his daughters Adelaide (a governess aged 17), Catherine (10), Sarah (6), and Margaret (1). They have two servants.

1861

At the time of the census the “White Hart Inn” is occupied by the widow Mrs Sarah Manning (47), who was born at Brill, and her Oxford-born daughter Catherine (21). There is a 17-year-old visitor staying with them, and they have two house servants.

1881

By 1881 the innkeeper of the “White Hart” is John Lyne (60), who lived on the premises with his wife Elizabeth (57) and their son John Luker (24), a compositor. They have two general servants, and their are two guests, both commercial travellers.

Occupants of 21 Cornmarket listed in directories etc.

1839–1899

White Hart (or White Hart & Greyhound) Inn

Innkeepers (subject to 19C university wine licence):

William Graham (1823:); Benjamin Watkins (1830); John Walker (1839–1845);
William Manning (1846–1855); Mrs Sarah Manning (1861–1865);
Thomas Hughes (1867); Elizabeth Luker (1871);
John Lyne (1880–1887); John James Lyne (1890–1899)

Rebuilt in 1901

1901–1914

Hotel Restaurant Buol (John George Buol)

1921

Dujon Restaurant (formerly Buol’s) (Dudeney & Johnston Limited)

1928–1936

Stewart’s Restaurant

1939–1960

Rebuilt as part of the original Marks & Spencer group of old shops at 18–21 Cornmarket

Rebuilt in 1962 when block to the south was erected

1962–1976

Milward & Son, Footwear specialists

   

By 2008 to present

North end of Next clothes shop

Old pictures on other websites and in books

Picture of White Hart Hotel in 1901 by Henry Taunt

A photograph showing No. 21 in 1957 after it had been rebult as the northern part of the old, smaller Marks & Spencer building can be seen in Julie Kennedy, The Changing Faces of Oxford City Centre, Book 1, p. 45

For a drawing of this building on a bill-head and an advertisement showing that Buol also had branches in Brussels, Scarborough, Southport, Liverpool, and Cambridge, see Michael L. Turner and David Vaisey, Oxford Shops and Shopping, p. 33, illustrations 68 and 69.

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