CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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21 Cornmarket Street: Vacant (site of former White Hart Inn)


North end of Next

There was a pub on this site from at least the mid-seventeenth century to 1901. It was in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church, as is the present building today.

The pub here was called the Globe from 1657 until the late seventeenth century. In 1696 John Meadford paid tax on nine windows on a building in St Michael’s parish, likely to be this pub.

In 1772 a survey of every house in the city was taken in consequence of the Mileways Act of 1771. According to Salter, 21 Cornmarket was then in the occupation of Mr Brown, and had a frontage of exactly 10 yards.

White Hart (1823–1921)

By 1823 the pub here was known as the White Hart & Greyhound. In the 1841 census it was named as the Greyhound, but from 1846 onwards it was always simply the White Hart.

From the Oxford Police Occurrence Book, Saturday 12 August 1871 (recorded by G. Bennett, Inspector):

PC 32 Alfred Purnell reports Elizabeth Luker, Landlady of the White Hart P.H., Corn Market Street, for leaving a Cab without a Horse standing in front of the above house for 25 minutes (viz.) from 10.10 till 10.35 a.m. on Saturday the 12th inst.

Mrs Luker has on several occasions lately been cautioned as to the before mentioned Cab being left standing in front of her house without a Horse. – Complaint of the same has also been made to the Police by an inhabitant living close by, but who does not wish to attend before the Magistrates as Witness.

The pub was the venue for the annual dinner of many organizations, e.g. the Oxford Licensed Victuallers Association (1874 and 1899), the Amalgamated Society of Journeyman Tailors (1878), Worcester C.S.C.C. (1890) Cherwell Rowing Club (1893), General Association of Licensed Trade (1893), and Oxford Freemen (1894).

On 18 March 1899 the prosperous grocer Francis Twining bought the White Hart Hotel in Cornmarket for £8,000 at auction.

The photograph below dating from the late 1900s shows the White Hart at No. 21, with the statue of a hart over the first-floor window. To the left of the White Hart pub is Andrews at No. 22, clearly named and numbered, and to the right No. 20, then the beginning of Orpwood's saddle shop at No. 19.

White Hart

Jackson's Oxford Journal of 2 September 1899 reported that there would be alterations at the White Hart pub, and this photograph taken by Taunt in 1901 shows a very different White Hart, with the same adjacent buildings at Nos. 22 (marked Andrews) and 19 and 18 (the latter again marked Orpwood). This late redevelopment seems very odd, as the building was demolished in 1901.

Buols

In 1901 the White Hart was replaced by a tall building designed by Stephen Salter for John Buol,The building can be seen in the photograph below, with BUOLS on the roof.

Buols

Advert for Buol's

Buol advertised his new premises as “the very finest dining hotel and restaurant in the city”. It had a coffee and tea saloon, a dining room where dancing could take place, and another dining room on the second floor.

For a drawing of these premises on a bill-head, and also an advertisement showing that by 1901 Buol also had branches in Brussels, Scarborough, Southport, Liverpool, and Cambridge, see Michael L. Turner and David Vaisey, Oxford Shops and Shopping, p. 33, illustrations 68 and 69.

The earlier Buol’s restaurant which opened in 1893 at 15 Broad Street continued to run in parallel with this one.

John George Buol lived over this restaurant in 1901, but died in Cambridge at the age of 56 in 1917.

 

 

Right: Advertisement for the Hotel & Restaurant Buol
that appeared in Alden’s Oxford Directory of 1906

 

Post 1919

In 1919 the building became the Dujon Restaurant (owned by Dudeney & Johnston Limited, a chain of grocers and caterers).

In 1960 Milward & Sons Ltd was granted permission to demolish and rebuild this 1901 shop (planning application 60/09941/A_H). Shortly afterwards Jesus College was granted permission for the adjacent Northgate House (the former Marks & Spencer at 13–20 to the south).

In about 1984 Next combined this shop with No. 20 (part of Northgate House) next door.

Occupants of 21 Cornmarket Street listed in directories etc.

1839–1899

White Hart (or White Hart & Greyhound) Inn

Innkeepers (subject to nineteenth-century university wine licences):

William Graham (1823:)
Benjamin Watkins (1830)
John Walker (1839–1845)
William Manning (1846–1855) and Mrs Sarah Manning (1861–1865)
Thomas Hughes (1867)
Mrs Elizabeth Luker (1871)
John Lyne (1880–1887) and John James Lyne (1890–1899)

Rebuilt in 1901

1901–1914

Hotel Restaurant Buol (John George Buol)

By 1919–1925

Dujon Restaurant (formerly Buol’s) (Dudeney & Johnston Limited)

1926

Buol's Restaurant

1928–1936

Stewart’s Restaurant

1939–1960

Part of the original Marks & Spencer group of old shops at 18–20 Cornmarket

Rebuilt by Milward's in 1962 at the same time as the Marks & Spencer block at Nos. 13–20 to the south was erected

1962–1980+

Milward & Son, Footwear specialists

1984–2017

North end of Next clothes shop

2017–present

Vacant

21 Cornmarket Street in the censuses

1841

John Walker (35), the inn-keeper at the “Greyhound Inn”, lived here with Margaret (4), Mary Anne (20), Margaret (15), and Eliza (12). He had five servants (three female and two male) and two guests.

1851

William Manning (46) was the innkeeper here, but the pub is not named. He lived with his wife Sarah (36) and his daughters Adelaide (17), who was a governess, Catherine (10), Sarah (6), and Margaret (1). They had two servants.

1861

The widow Mrs Sarah Manning (47) lived at the “White Hart Inn” with her daughter Catherine (21). There was a 17-year-old visitor staying with them, and they had two house servants.

1871

Elizabeth Luker (45), a widowed licensed victualler, lived here at the White Hart with her children William (26), Louise (23), Fanny (21), Isaac (18), a compositor, Walter (15), a waiter, and John (13), as well as her granddaughter Elizabeth Alexander (eighteen months) and her widowed mother-in-law Ann Luker (73).

1881

John Lyne (60), innkeeper of the “White Hart”, lived here on the premises with his wife Elizabeth (57) and their son John Luker (24), a compositor. They had two general servants, and there were two guests, both commercial travellers.

1891

John James Lynes (70), inn keeper, lived here at the White Hart with his wife Elizabeth (66) and a barmaid and ostler.

Rebuilt as a restaurant in 1901
1901

John George Buol (40), the Swiss-born proprietor of the Buols restaurant chain, lived over this branch with his wife Felise (42) and their children Marguerite (17), Charles (16), Louis (14), Edelweiss (13), Henry (12), and Felise (3), and his nephews Contat Diserens (24) and Louis Diserens (20), who were both pastry cooks and confectioners. Six servants were also living with them: a cashier, housekeeper, two roommaids, two waitresses, and a confectioner.

1911

Theophile Grandvoinet (38), a Swiss-born cook/confectioner, lived here at Buol's with his wife Josephine (38), who assisted him in the business, and his children George (9) and Edelweiss (4), plus his sister Marie Grandvoinet (27), who acted as their housekeeper. Three servants lived with them (a cellarman, house porter, and domestic nurse).

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