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Oxford boundary stones and markers


Click on each stone below to find out more about it, or follow the arrow above right to tour them all.
The date given above each stone the date it was erected, which is often a year or two after a boundary change.
The five marked with an asterisk and the two Hundred Stones at the end are Grade II listed structures.

1635*
Rose Hill
Foot of Rose Hill,
near Iffley Turn

1667*
Warneford Lane
Warneford Lane,
near Cheney Lane

1600s*
Marston Road
Bottom of Cuckoo Lane,
Headington

1684
Barton 1684
Near Lower
Farm, Barton

1729*
Headington Hill
On Headington Hill,
just above the bridge

1786*
Boundary stone on Thames towpath

Freewater Stone,
near Long Bridges

1832
78 Banbury Road

Set in garden wall of
78 Banbury Road

1837?
Cuckoo Lane south
Cuckoo Lane,
south side

1837
Boundary stone near John Garne Way footpath
Cuckoo Lane,
north side

1837
Godstow Road CJS
Godstow Road,
foot of toll bridge

1837?
Barracks Lane, Cowley
Barracks Lane
west end

1840
Godstow Road wall
Set in the wall alongside
the Godstow Road

1840
In a driveway in Godstow
Private house next to
Godstow car park

1840
Stone in Marston Meadows

Port Meadow,
near Burgess Field

1841
Stone in Marston Meadows

Marston Meadows,
on private land

1843
King's Mill House

King’s Mill House,
Marston

1843?
Boundary stone in Woodstock Road

Barracks Lane
east end

1886
Marston Meadows

Marston Meadows,
near Rainbow Bridge

1886

Port Meadow:
NW of Burgess Field

1886
Boundary stone at Wolvercote

Near Godstow car park,
Port Meadow

1886
On Thames Path north of Gostow

On Thames Path north
of Godstow Road

1886
Binsey
Private land
at Binsey

1886
Binsey
The Trout,
Lower Wolvercote

1892
Boundary stone on London Road opposite Headley Way

Opposite Headley Way,
Headington

1892
Boundary stone near Woodlands Road

Near Woodlands Road,
Headington

1892
Near The Trout, Godstow
Bridge on Godstow
Road near Trout

1892
Wolvercote Common
Near former Sunnymead
bathing place

1892
Oxford Canal
Oxford Canal, opposite
St Edward's sports field

1892
Boundary stone in Woodstock Road

Woodstock Road, near
St Edward’s School

1892 (probably)
Port Meadow
Port Meadow
north end

1892 (probably)
Near Donnington Bridge
Iffley Meadows
near Donnington Bridge

1899
Wolvercote Common
Wolvercote Common/
Port Meadow (1)

1899
Wolvercote Common 2
Wolvercote Common/
Port Meadow (2)

1901
Boundary stone at junction of Cuckoo Lane and Pullens Lane
Junction of Pullen's &
Cuckoo Lane

1901
Opposite Victoria Arms
In the Oxford fields
opposite Victoria Arms

1901
Thornhill Park & Ride

Crescent Road,
but no longer visible

1991
Thornhill Park & Ride

Near Thornhill
Park & Ride

 

There are more boundary stones in Oxford yet to be found, including two at North Hinksey:
(1) Near to The Fishes (in the garden beyond the car park) inscribed 1984, Dr. F.A. Garside, Mayor, B. G. Standingford, Sheriff) and
(2) Near the allotments in North Hinksey (in the garden of ‘Willowbank’ opposite no.144 North Hinksey Lane) inscribed 1901 G.C. Druce, Mayor, J. Dom, Sheriff. 

Other boundary stones will have disappeared, such as the stone that used to stand in Mesopotamia, photographed here by Henry Taunt (the date of the photograph is 1884 but it had already in place for many years). It is inscribed with the Mayor's name Tawney: there were several Mayors of Oxford with that surname, but the most likely is Charles Tawney, whose name with the year 1841 appears on a stone in Marston Meadows.

Other types of marker stone in Oxford

Parks Road Hundred stone
Hundred stone on west
side of Parks Road

St Giles' hundred stone
Hundred stone outside
42 St Giles's Street

Conduit stone
Conduit stone
at Raleigh Park

St Clement's
Parish stone in
St Clement’s Street

Northern bypass
County boundary
on northern bypass

Railway
Railway
boundary markers

 

See also

Parish Boundary marks

and

Milestones

 

The Mayor of Oxford used to ride the franchise inspecting the boundary stones at the end of his year of office.
Following the Municipal Act of 1836, this was only done every third year.
When the city became larger at the end of the nineteenth century, riding the franchise became less frequent.

Description of boundary in 1773

Perambulation of 1840

Perambulation of 1843

Description of the 30 boundary stones marking the boundary of the city up until the changes of 1886

List of the places visited in the perambulation of 1892


Two maps showing changes in Oxford boundaries (marked in red):

1832 – extending the parliamentary boundary of Oxford to include St Clement’s & Headington Hill.

1868 – extending the parliamentary boundary of Oxford to include Summertown
East Oxford, and the part of Headington to the west of the Boundary Brook

The Boundary Brook

Extracts from Lord John Russell's Bill for the Division of Counties were published in Jackson's Oxford Journal on 20 February 1832, outlining the new eastern boundary of Oxford city thus :
OXFORD.—From the tree on the east of the city, called “Joe Pullen's Tree,” in a straight line to the boundary stone in the lane, called “Mrs. Knapp's Free Board; thence along the said lane to the western extremity thereof; thence in a straight line to the centre of the island situate at the junction of the stream called “Aston's Eyatt” with the river Charwell; thence, westward, along the river Charwell, to the point at which the same joins the old city boundary; thence, westward, along the old city boundary to the point at which the river Charwell divides into two streams; thence along the easternmost of such two streams, to King's Mill; then in a strait line to the easternmost part of King's Mill; thence in a straight line to “Joe Pullen's Tree.”

Stephanie Jenkins