24–25 Cornmarket Street: Burger King

24 Cornmarket

This building was erected in 1911 for the Capital & Counties Bank

Luff's shop at 24 Cornmarket

The above picture shows the pair of matching shops that stood at 24 and 25 Cornmarket until 1911. In the nineteenth century, No. 24 on the right belonged to Luff the Chemist for over fifty years, while part of the left-hand building was the Anchor Inn. They were in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church, as is the present building.

Anchor Inn

Anchor Inn

This was in the yard behind the former shops at Nos. 25 & 26 Cornmarket Street, and is marked as “Inn” in the 1876 map, right.

It was numbered 25A, and its name was sometimes lengthened to the Blue Anchor. (In the 1841 census it is named the Queen’s Arms, but this seems to have been a temporary aberration, possibly reflecting the recent coronation of Queen Victoria).

25 when it was a bank

25 Cornmarket

Capital & Counties Bank

In 1901 the Capital & Counties Bank moved into Luff’s old shop at No. 24, and within ten years later took over No. 25.

Both shops and the Anchor Inn behind were demolished by 1911 to make way for their new enlarged bank.


Left: The Capital & Counties Bank in its new 1911 building at 24–25 Cornmarket


Right: Burger King in the same building in February 2009.



Fuller’s Café

By 1921 Fuller's Café (shown below) had moved into the former bank premises at 24/25 Cornmarket Street, and remained until 1972.


It has been a café ever since.

Occupants of 24, 25 and 25a Cornmarket Street listed in directories etc.


25a (behind left)

25 (left)

24 (right)


Blue Anchor Inn

Innkeepers (not subject to nineteenth-century university wine licences):

James Harrison (1823)
John Wharton (1830)
Thomas Morley (1841–1852)
William Nickols (1861)
Arthur Lloyd (1867)
Arthur Lloyd (1871, 1872)
George Strainge (1880–1884)
E. Dickens (1887)
John Baylis (1890–1905)

Charles IrwinHair cutter

William Luff


Fred. Irwin, Hair cutter


James Sparrow
Milliner & mercer (1851)

Mary Ann Sparrow
Milliner & Dressmaker (1852)


John G. Miller
Working jeweller


Frederic Blagrove
Watch & clock maker,
jeweller, etc.


Frank Thomas Long


Clarence P. A. Morrison


Capital & Counties Bank



Frank Smith refreshment rooms

Nos. 24 &, 25A were demolished by 1903 and rebuilt as one shop, numbered 24


Capital & Counties Bank Ltd

with Stafford House, a private boarding house in 1914


Fuller’s Ltd., Confectioners

(with bootmakers Lambert in 1947 and Lotus & Delta Ltd in 1952, possibly in the yard behind?)


Kardomah Restaurant




Huckleberry’s Ltd


Burger King

24–25 Cornmarket Street in the censuses


No. 24: William Luff (30), a chemist lived here with his siblings Emma Luff (25) and Richard Luff (15). Two “independent” people also lived over the shop: Samuel Baker (53) and John Baker (16).

No. 25: Charles Irwin (30), a hair cutter, lived here with Elizabeth (35). Also in the household is apprentice Henry Fox (15), and independent lodger, and one female servant.

No. 25A (pub, surprisingly named the Queen’s Arms): Benjamin Haslam (30), inn keeper, lived here with Louisa (30) and Lavinia (10), William (7), Mary (5), and Benjamin (3). There was one male and one female servant, and four other people who appear to be guests.


No. 24: William Luff (40), the chemist and druggist, still lived here. Born in Abingdon, he was married to Prudence (40) and they had four children: Prudence (7), Mary (6), William (5), and Ann (1), plus one female servant. Also living with them were an “on-liking as an apprentice” called William Dalrymple, and an undergraduate of Brasenose College

No. 25: James Sparrow (38), milliner & mercer, lived here with his wife Marianne (32) and his children Marianne (15), Emily (12), Henry (11), Fanny (9), Charles (7), Frank (6), and Caroline (4); they also had four female staff members (an apprentice, two assistant milliners, and an assistant dressmaker), and one house servant.

No. 25A (pub): Not listed.


No. 24: William Luff (50), chemist and druggist, lived here over his shop with his wife Prudence (50) and their five children; Prudence (17), Mary (16), William (15), Ann (11), and Elizabeth (1), plus one house servant and a 19-year-old chemist’s apprentice. They also had a lodger who was a Commoner of Exeter College.

No. 25 was occupied by the saddler Henry Adams (38) and his wife Ann (36). They had one house servant.

No. 25A (Anchor Inn): William Nickols (74), a widower and innkeeper, lived here with his daughter Mrs Harriett Boucher (37), described as a barmaid, and his granddaughter Emily Boucher (2). Nickols was the former landlord of the Star & Garter at 20 Cornmarket. Also living at the inn were a general porter, an ostler, a house servant, and a nursemaid.


No. 24: William Luff (60), chemist, still lived here over his shop with his wife Prudence (60) and his children Prudence (27), Willilam (25), who was a chemist's assistant, and Elizabeth (20). They had one servant.

No. 25: John G. Miller (31), jeweller, lived here over his shop with his wife Elizabeth (26) and their children Louisa (7), Herbert (4), and Francis (3), plus his sister-in-law Miss Sarah Ann Williams (24) and his niece Louisa Faulkner.

No. 25A (Anchor pub): Arthur Lloyd (46) licensed victualler, lived here with his wife Jane (40) and one servant.


No. 24: William Luff (70) was still the chemist here . He was now a widower, living with his three unmarried daughters: Prudence (37) was simply described as a chemist’s daughter; Mary (36) as a student; and Elizabeth (30) as a housekeeper. They had one servant girl, and a chemist’s assistant was boarding with them.

No. 25: Frank Long (34), a cutler, lived here over his shop with his wife Caroline (29).

No. 25A (Anchor pub): George Strange (47), innkeeper, lived here with his wife Charlotte (47), his son George (7), and stepdaughter Sarah Spencer (18). They had five boarders (an engine fitter, a porter, an inn ostler, and two seamstresses), and two lodgers (a charwoman and a 12-year-old schoolboy).
Living in a separate part was Carey Wilkins, a waiter described as “head lodger”, together with his wife Annie (40), who was a charwoman, and their children Elizabeth (14) and Charles (7).
A second “head lodger” in another subdivision of the pub was Catherine Bench, a charwoman, and her her son Alfred (26), who was a shoe maker.


No. 24: William Luff (80), chemist & druggist, still lived here with his married daughter Anne Woodford (41), who acted as his housekeeper, and her three children Annie (14), William (10), and Mary (5). A chemist's assistant lived with them, and they had one servant.

No. 25: Frank Thomas Long (44), a cutler, lived here over his shop with his wife Caroline (39) and his sister Mrs Sarah Louise Howard (50). They had one domestic servant

No. 25A (Blue Anchor pub): John Baylis (41), builder & publican, lived here with his wife Eliza (41) and daughter Annie (15), who both assisted in the pub. They had one lodger.


No. 24: Alexander Wilson (26), the cashier at the Capital & Counties Bank that had just moved in on the ground floor, lived here with his married sister Maggie Marwood (34) and her children Ralph (9) and Phyllis (3), plus a general servant.

No. 25: Frank Long (54), cutler, lived here over his shop with his wife Caroline (49).

No. 25A (Anchor pub): John Baylis (51), a licensed victualler, lived here with his wife Pamela (49).

SITE OF NOS. 24, 25, & 25A REDEVELOPED in 1903

Nos. 24 & 25: Arthur Kippin (30) and his wife Matilda (28), both described a lodging house keepers, lived here over the new Capital & Counties Bank premises with their son Arthur (2) and two servants. Only one boarder was staying in these 17-roomed premises.

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