CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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53–54 Cornmarket Street: Barclays Bank


Barclays Bank, 54 Cornmarket.

The left-hand side of the present Barclays Bank (No. 54) was built in the 1860s, and in 1922 the right-hand side (No. 53) was built to match when the bank expanded.

The two shops that used to stand on this site were in the parish of St Martin's (Carfax) until that church was demolished in 1896, whereafter they were in the parish of St Martin's & All Saints until All Saints Church was deconsecrated in 1971. They are now in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate.

Flagon marked Park

The former shop at No. 54

In the nineteenth century the shop on the left-hand side of this site was occupied by wine & spirit merchants, who were subject to university wine licences.

Christopher Park is listed here in the 1850s, and by the time of the 1861 census the business was jointly run by him and William Park (who is likely to have been his brother). The shop was demolished in about 1866, so the flagon on the right, marked C & W PARK, must date from c.1860.

By 1866 Christopher Park was running a wine & spirit shop at 134 High Street, while William Park was running the Roebuck Inn at 8–10 Cornmarket, opposite his former shop.

 

The Clarendon Club met above the present building at No. 52 from 1882 until 1921, when Barclays Bank took over the premises after rebuilding the shop on the right in the same style.

The former shop at No. 53

The former shop at No. 53 on the right of the site was one of Francis Twining’s grocer’s shops from at least 1890 until it was demolished in c.1920.

  • For a photograph and a drawing showing Twining’s old shop at No. 53, squeezed between the Clarendon Hotel on the right and Phase 1 of the present bank at 54 on the left, see Michael L. Turner and David Vaisey, Oxford Shops and Shopping, p. 8, illustrations 10 and 11.

Occupants of 53 and 54 Cornmarket Street listed in directories etc.

(White background indicates an earlier building on this site)

Date

No. 54 (left) No. 53 (right)

1839

T. Badcock
Seller of wine and brandy, and
Merchant & agent to the York &
London Fire & Life Offices

No listing

1846

Nicholas Trafford
Eating House

1851–2

Christopher Park
Wine & spirit merchant
(still there until 1864)

Martha Ashley
China & glass dealer

1867

No listing: probably being rebuilt

T. & C. Wyatt
Wine & spirit merchants
The Shakespeare Hotel

1872

University Lodgings & Turkish baths
C. Dolling, proprietor

George Bartram
Boot & shoe maker

F. O. Thompson
China & glass warehouse

1880

Gillett & Co., Bankers
Managers: J. Roberts and W. Margetts

Oxford County Court
Charles Bishop, Registrar & High Bailiff,
and District Registrar of High Court of Justice

Joseph Higgins
Wholesale tobacconist & cigar importer

1890

Gillett & Co., Bankers

District Registry of High Court of Justice
County Court Office
South of England Telephone Co.

The Clarendon Club

Francis Twining
Grocer & provision merchant

1899–1914+

Gillett & Co., Bankers + The Clarendon Club

1921

Barclays Bank Ltd +The Clarendon Club

1922

No. 53 on the right was rebuilt to match the 1860s building at No. 54 on the left,
and they were combined and numbered simply 54

1923–
present

Barclays Bank

(with Clarendon Club upstairs until 1967)

53–54 Cornmarket Street in the censuses

1841

William Badcock (25) and George Badcock (20), both wine merchants, lived here with Thomas Badcock (50) and Sarah (50) and Ann, plus an independent lady with three young children, and three female servants.

1851

No. 53: The unmarried wine merchant Christopher Park (29) lived here with his brother William Park (22) and his sisters Caroline (27) and Mary (25). Also living over the shop were an assistant, a barmaid, and a female general servant.

No. 54: The unmarried china & glass dealer Martha Ashley (26) lived over her shop with one female servant.

1861

No. 53: Not listed.

No. 54: As the two wine merchant brothers from 1861 now comprised two households, one of them may have been living over No. 53. One household comprised of Christopher Park (39), his wife Julia (38), and his children Ada (6), Edith (5), and Charles (3) plus a female servant; the other was William Park (31), his wife Louisa (29), and his daughter Charlotte (4). A barmaid also lived with them, and they had one servant.

1871

No. 53: Listed as uninhabited.

No. 54: This building was now occupied by Turkish Baths, but only a housekeeper and a messenger boy spent census night here.

1881

No. 53: Joseph T. Higgins (27), tobacconist, and his wife Kate (20) are listed here and were presumably living over Gillett & Co’s bank.

No. 54: William Seary (29) and his brother Philip (24), both confectioners, lived over their shop. They had one female general servant, and a surgeon, Thomas F. Tyerman, was lodging with them.

1891

No 53: Listed as uninhabited: probably part of the Twining's shop below.

No. 54:
Clarendon Club: Robert Walton (35), the Steward of the Clarendon Club, lived here at the club with his wife Emma (34), who was the stewardess, and his son Arthur (12) and niece Portia (10).
Gillett & Co. Bank: Frederick Sheldon (34), a bank clerk, occupied part of these premises, but the head of the household upstairs is given as George Smith (63), a college servant who lived here with his wife Susannah (62), who was a housekeeper, and their children Louisa (25), who assisted her mother, and son Henry (17), who was a college servant.

1901

No. 53: No listing: probably part of the Twining's shop below.

No. 54:
Clarendon Club: Louis Duke (28), the Steward of the club, lived here with his wife Mary (30) and his son Louis (2). They had one boarder and one servant.
Gillett & Co Bank: Stephen Phipps (65), a college servant, lived here with his wife Lucy (64) and daughter Alice (29), who was a dressmaker. A bank clerk boarded with them.

1911

No. 53: No listing: : probably part of the Twining's shop below.

No. 54:
Clarendon Club: Thomas Murray (32), a club steward, lived in the club's ten rooms with his wife Ethel (30) and a boarder.
Gillett & Co Bank
: Sidney William Goodman (55), a bank clerk, lived alone in two rooms over the bank,

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