CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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59–61 Cornmarket


Moss Bros at 59-61

Nos. 59 , 60, and 61 Cornmarket are on the site of the original Crown Inn (not to be confused with the Crown Tavern on the opposite side of Cornmarket at No. 3). See separate page for the present Crown pub, which is behind Cornmarket, on the site of the inn's former stables:

Anthony Wood describes in his diary (ii:152) how he ate and drank at the Crown Inn on 18/19 March 1669 with Sir Edward Bysshe. He also records a death here in January 1687 (iii.206):

2 Jan., Sunday, in morne, died suddenly at the Crowne Inn Oxford of a sore throat (alias the French pox) Robert Thacker, designer to the King, and the next day was buried in S. Martin’s church at the west end near to the font, aged between 40 and 50”.

Crown Inn in 1848

 

 

The building ceased to be an inn 1750, and lost its frontage in 1774 when Cornmarket was widened.

 

 

 

The old Crown Inn had been converted into a pub and two shops by 1839. The pub was the Wellington, which was at No. 61 to the south until c.1870.

The engraving on the right shows the Wellington with Boffin was on the left at No. 62 and Greatbatch on the right at No. 59.

When the Wellington closed in c.1880, John Falkner, the woollen draper at Nos. 59 and 60 to the north took it over, so that his shop spread over the whole site.

In 1890 the three old shops that were once the Crown Inn, plus another four to the south (62–65) and the bulk of St Martin’s Church, were demolished. Nos. 59-61 were rebuilt as the single unit they are today.

 

In the Censuses

1841

No. 59/60: The china dealer Thomas Greatbatch (40) is living here over the shop with Elizabeth (40), Thomas (6), and Jane (5).

No. 61 The Wellington (not listed by name) is occupied by the victualler Mary Roberts, who lives here with Ann (16), Sarah (15), and Matilda Roberts (10). Also in residence are two printers.

1851

Nos. 59/60: James Turrill (34), a poulterer & butter factor, lives here with his wife Rosetta (35), his children Maria (6), Sarah (5), James (3), Susan (1), and Alfred (6 months), and his sister-in-law Marilla Smith. They have one female servant.

No. 61: The Wellington (not listed by name, but numbered correctly as 61) is still occupied by the victualler Mary Roberts (48). A widow, she lives here with her daughter Annie (18), who is a milliner. They have a lodger, and one general servant.

1861

Nos. 59 & 60: John Falkner (39), a widowed clothier, is living here with his unmarried sister Ann (24) as his housekeeper. Two assistant clothiers – Charles Parmenter (28) and Joseph Harris (22) – are lodging with them, and they have one female servant.

No. 61: Albert James Clark (42), a cordwainer & publican, is the landlord of the Wellington. He is living here with his wife Emma (4) and his children Anna (12) and Edwin (9). They have no servants.

1881

Nos. 59, 60, & 61: John Faulkner (59) now occupies the upstairs part of all three shops. Described as a tailor and clothier, he is now a widower, and his spinster sister Anne Maria (43) is serving as his housekeeper. Two assistant clothiers – John R. Lane (3) and Arthur James Cave (17) – are living in the household, and they have one general servant.

Occupants of 59–61 Cornmarket listed in directories etc.

Date

No. 61 (left) No. 60 (Middle) No. 59 (right)

1839

The Wellington (1839, 1846);
The Wellington Dining Rooms (1867)

Landlords (not subject
to 19C wine licences):
1839: Thomas Roberts
18411851: Mary Roberts
1861: Albert James Clark

?

T. Greatbatch
China & glassware

1846

Thomas Greatbatch
Fishmonger

L. Greatbatch
China & glass dealer

1861–1867

John Falkner, Woollen draper & outfitter

1872–1889

John Falkner, Clothier

These old shops were demolished in 1890 at the time the bulk of St Martin’s Church was removed

1901–1911

Metropolitan Bank of England & Wales) Ltd
with George Hughes, the manager, living at Bank House

1928–1976

Burton Montague Ltd, Tailors

By 2009–present

Moss Bros

Old pictures on other websites and in books

The condemned row in 1889: Taunt picture showing the shops from Falkner’s at 59–63 right down to the church.

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